Monthly Archives: September 2013

Aramid Fiber and Aramid Fibers Properties

Sep 28, 2013 |

Aramid Fiber Aramid fiber is a class of heat-resistant and strong synthetic fibers. They are used in aerospace and military applications, for ballistic rated body armor fabric, and as an asbestos substitute. The name is a shortened form of aromatic polyamide. They are fibers in which the chain molecules are highly oriented along the fiber […more]

Acrylic Fiber Info and Acrylic Fibre Properties

Sep 28, 2013 |

Acrylic Fiber Acrylic fiber is synthetic fiber made from a polymer (Polyacrylonitrile) with an average molecular weight of 100,000, about 1900 monomer units. To be called acrylic in the U.S, the polymer must contain at least 85% acrylonitrile monomer. Typical comonomers are vinyl acetate or methyl acrylate. Acrylic Fiber Production The polymer is formed by […more]

Nylon Fiber Overview and Nylon Fibers Properties

Sep 28, 2013 |

Nylon Fiber Nylon Fiber is a general status for a category of artificial polymers known generically as polyamides and first created on Feb 28, 1935 by Wallace Carothers at DuPont. Nylon is one of the most widely used polymers. Density – 1.15g/cm³ Electrical conductivity – 10-12S/m Thermal conductivity 0.25W/(m·K), 463 K-624 K Melting point 190°C-350°C […more]

Properties of Rayon Overview and Characteristics

Sep 28, 2013 |

Properties of Rayon Variations during spinning of Rayon provide a wide variety of properties. These include: Fibers with thickness of 1.7 to 5.0dtex, particularly those between 1.7 and 3.3 dtex, dominate large scale production. Properties of Rayon – Tenacity ranges between 2.0 to 2.6 g/den when dry and 1.0 to 1.5 g/den when wet. Properties […more]

Viscose Fabric, Material and Viscose Rayon

Sep 28, 2013 |

Viscose While there are many variations in the manufacturing process of Viscose that exploit the versatility of the fiber, the following is a description of the procedure that is used in making regular or viscose rayon. Regardless of whether wood pulp or cotton linters are used, the basic raw material for making Viscose rayon must […more]

Rayons Overview, Types and Uses

Sep 28, 2013 |

Rayons Rayons are engineered to possess a range of properties to meet the demands for a wide variety of end uses. Some of the important types of fibers are briefly described. High Wet Modulus Rayons Rayons have exceptionally high wet modulus of about 1 g/den and are used as parachute cords and other industrial uses. […more]

Tapestry Weaving and How to Weave Tapestry

Sep 27, 2013 |

Tapestry Weaving Tapestry Weaving is a form of textile art, woven on a vertical loom. It is composed of two sets of interlaced threads, those running parallel to the length (called the warp) and those parallel to the width (called the weft). The warp threads are set up under tension on a loom, and the […more]

Tablet Weaving and Card Weaving Info

Sep 27, 2013 |

Tablet Weaving Tablet Weaving (often card weaving in the United States) is a weaving technique where tablets or cards, are used to create the shed the weft is passed through. The Tablet Weaving technique is limited to narrow work such as belts, straps, or garment trim. The origins of Tablet Weaving go back at least […more]

Inkle Weaving Overview and Inkle Loom

Sep 27, 2013 |

Inkle Weaving Inkle weaving is a type of warp-faced weaving where the shed is created by manually raising or lowering the warp yarns, some of which are held in place by fixed heddles on a loom known as an inkle loom. Though inkle weaving was brought to the United States of America (US) in the […more]

Intarsia Knitting Patterns and Technique

Sep 26, 2013 |

Intarsia Knitting Intarsia Knitting is a knitting technique used to create patterns with multiple colors. As with the woodworking technique of the same name, fields of different colors and materials appear to be inlaid in one another, but are in fact all separate pieces, fit together like a jigsaw puzzle. Unlike other multicolor techniques (including […more]