Electrolytes. Estrogens, Energy Deficit, Enterocytes


The body’s capacity for doing work. Food gives us the energy we need to live & play.


Indicates that more of the food’s natural nutrients have been added during processing. This is often done to replace nutrients that may have been lost through handling.

eicosapentaenoic acid; EPA :

An omega-3 fatty acid that reduces inflammation, perhaps by inhibiting an enzyme called COX-2, which is linked to inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.


Mineral compounds that, when dissolved in water, become electrically charged particles called ions. electrolytes. estrogens, energy deficit, enterocytes


A form of adrenaline. It is often used to alleviate airway constriction caused by an allergic reaction.

essential amino acids :

The amino acids your body cannot manufacture. You need to obtain them from your diet.

essential fatty acid :

A fat that your body needs but cannot assemble from other fats. You have to get it whole, from food. electrolytes. estrogens, energy deficit, enterocytes

essential nutrient:

A nutrient essential to humans. Your body cannot manufacture an essential nutrient. You need to get it from your diet.


Female sex hormones. electrolytes. estrogens, energy deficit, enterocytes

Ecological study

A study that compares the rates of exposures and diseases in different populations using aggregate data on exposure and disease, not individual data.


The extent to which a specific intervention, procedure, regimen, or service produces a beneficial result under ideal conditions. Ideally, the determination of efficacy is based on the results of a randomized control trial. electrolytes. estrogens, energy deficit, enterocytes


Positively or negatively charged ions dissolved in the extracellular or intracellular water


Originating from within the body.

Enzyme Enzyme -

A protein substance that acts as a catalyst in biochemical reactions. electrolytes. estrogens, energy deficit, enterocytes

Epithelial Tissue Epithelial Tissue

forming the outer layer of body surface.

Essential amino acids Essential amino acid

Nine amino acids that can not be synthesized by mammals and are therefore dietarily



An organic compound produced by reaction between acid and alcohol.

Energy Density

Energy content per gram of food. electrolytes. estrogens, energy deficit, enterocytes

Energy Expenditure

Utilisation by the body of chemical energy from food components or body stores during the process of metabolism which is eventually dissipated as heat plus the heat generated by muscular activity, either in shivering or in physical activity. Usually used to mean the day’s total energy (calorie) loss as heat.

Energy Intake

The chemical energy in foods that can be metabolised to produce energy available to the body; usually used to mean the day’s total energy (calories) supplied by all the food and drink consumed. electrolytes. estrogens, energy deficit, enterocytes

Energy balance

Energy is the capacity of a body or a physical system for doing work. Energy balance is the state in which the total energy intake equals total energy needs.

Energy deficit

A state in which total energy intake is less than total energy need.


Cells which line the small intestine. They have three major functions of secretion, digestion and absorption. electrolytes. estrogens, energy deficit, enterocytes


Proteins which catalyse the reactions of metabolism, speeding them up without themselves being used up in the reaction. Each enzyme is specific for a given substrate and/or reaction.


A sympathomimetic drug that stimulates thermogenesis in laboratory animals and humans. Animal studies show that it may reduce fat content and, therefore, body weight by mechanisms that probably involve increased expenditure and reduced food intake.  electrolytes. estrogens, energy deficit, enterocytes

Fabric Treatment and Info on Fabric Treatments

Fabric Treatment

Fabric Treatment – Chemical Finishing

Chemical Finishing adds qualities to fabrics which they lack.It eliminates certain flaws or improves their touch and aspect.

Functional Finishing

Functional finishing improves the product’s performance under conditions of specific use.

Fabric Treatment – Aesthetic Finishing

Aesthetic Finishing includes treatments to improve the appearance or touch (sensation) of the fabric.

Secondly, there is a distinction between chemical treatments (wet) and mechanical treatments (dry).

A third way to classify treatments is done by their degree of permanency. These classifications are :

Fabric Treatment – Temporary finish for fabrics

The finish is removed by washing or dry-cleaning; e.g. calendaring (similar to pressing).

Renewable finishes for fabrics

Finishes that may be applied again. Examples of this type of treatment are starch and dirt repellent finishes.

Fabric Treatment – Durable finishes for fabrics

A treatment that will last the entire life of the product but with decreasing efficiency.

Permanent finishes for fabrics

Finish remaining entirely the same during the entire life of the product.

Fabric Treatment – Chemical Finishing Treatment for fabrics

Chemical treatment adds particular qualities and characteristics to fabrics. The most commonly used treatments are

Crease-resistant treatment, allowing to avoid the tendency to crease of cotton fabrics.

Shrink-resistant finish limits the tendency to shrink of cotton.

By applying the water repellent and oil repellent finish, one avoids that fabrics absorb water and oil.

Other finishes add specific properties to fabrics to starch and reinforce them.

The softening finish improves the touch of the fabric.

Fabric Treatment – Fabric Calendering

Consists of submitting the fabric to a high pressure between two cylinders at high temperature, which will give a bright and ironed aspect. There is a variant to calendering called honeycomb by which embossed patterns are engraved on the surface of the fabric.

Fabric Treatment – Fabric Raising | Fabric Suede

It consist of cutting certain fibres on the surface of the fabric to give them a soft and velvety aspect. Raising is obtained by grating the fabric with metallic points, and sueding by the friction of sandpaper.

Fabric Treatment – Sanforizing | Sanforizing Process

It allows to prevent the cotton from shrinking when washed. It is carried out by compressing the cotton to reduce its shrinking capacity .

Tendon, Testosterone, Training Straps, Trimming Down, Trans Fat


A band or cord of strong, fibrous tissue that connects muscle to the bone.

Training Straps

Cotton or leather straps around wrists, then under and over a bar held by clenched hands to aid in certain lifts (rowing, chin-ups, shrugs, dead lifts, cleans, etc.) where you might lose your grip before working muscle to desired capacity.


Principle male hormone that accelerates tissue growth and stimulates blood flow.

Trimming Down

To gain hard muscular appearance by losing body fat.

Trans Fat

A type of processed fat that does not occur in nature. Found in baked goods, snack foods like potato chips, and cookies, many other processed foods like margarine and salad dressings. Very popular in fast foods.Also called hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated fat/oil.

Thick Skin

Smooth skin caused by too much fatty tissue between the layers of muscle and beneath the skin.

Time Dependant Ageing

The loss of function resulting from growing old.

Training Effect

Increase in functional capacity of muscles as result of increased (overload) placed upon them.

Training to Failure

Continuing a set until it is impossible to complete another rep without assistance.


Abbreviation for trapezius muscles, the largest muscle of the back and neck that draws the head backwards and rotates the scapula.

Trigger Point

An irritable spot usually found in soft tissue injuries, such as a knot within the muscle.

Tri Sets

Alternating back and forth between three exercises until a prescribed number of sets is completed.

Target Heart Rate

Heart Rate per minute that signifies the appropriate level for your desired goals, conditioning, and exercise level.

Target Heart Rate

Target Heart Rate. Heart Rate per minute that signifies the appropriate level for your desired goals, conditioning, and exercise level.

Smart for Life Cookie Diet, Program, Smart Diet Cookies, Diet Plan, Reviews

Cookie Diet | Smart for Life Cookie Diet
What is Cookie Diet

Cookie diet refers to a special low-calorie diet based on a hunger-controlling meal replacement in the form of a cookie. There are a number of cookie diets currently on the market, such as the Smart for Life Cookie Diet and Dr. Siegal’s Cookie Diet, also Hollywood Cookie Diet and R&D Diet Cookie. All require 4 to 6 cookies per day, sometimes in addition to other food, such as one meal of six ounces of meat in the case of the Siegal diet.
Cookie Diet Program | Smart Diet Cookies

These Smart Diet Cookies are designed to be eaten as a small meal so your blood sugar will stay constant and not spike. The controlling of the blood sugars occurs thanks to the unique mix of amino acid chains within the smart cookie + diet products providing you with natural and powerful appetite suppression. The shakes, soups muffins, crunch and Smart bagels also have these amino acid chains in order to suppress hunger. People who try these cookie + diet products are amazed by the great taste and how the diet products satisfactorily control their hunger. When you join the Smart for Life Cookie Diet Program their professional staff enhances your personal motivation to keep you moving smoothly towards your goal. The Smart for Life Cookie Diet physicians are committed to every client and are available through every step of your customized weight loss program.
Cookie Diet Plan | Cookie Weight Loss

Smart for Life Cookie Diet clients lose, on the average of 12 to 15 pounds during the first month. Of course, there are exceptions that have amazed everyone! In a few months, many clients have lost over 100 pounds – so losing 30 pounds on the Smart for Life Cookie Diet is a cinch. The record weight loss for the first month is apparently 37 pounds.
Cookie Diet Reviews

The uniqueness about the Smart for Life Cookie Diet is not only that they succeed in getting clients to lose weight but actually improve their health in many ways. For example, within the cookie & diet food products there are many healthy ingredients like Omega-3 fatty acids that improve cardiovascular health. Inulin, a prebiotic that helps with digestion and calcium absorption, is included in some puddings and soups. HeroFiber, a revolutionary super fiber that stabalizes cholesterol, triglycerides and stabilizes insulin levels allready in the normal range, is also added to many products.

Overview of Cotton Pest Management

Overview of Cotton Pest Management

More than 1,000 different kinds of insects and spiders can be found in cotton fields, though only about 50 of these ever become abundant, and as few as 30 insects and mites have ever been recorded causing damage to the cotton plant. Many spiders and insects are beneficial because they feed on pests, but the majority are benign, casual visitors to cotton en routs between other habitats. No insects, spiders or mites are restricted just to cotton fields and some cotton pests are also important pests of other crops. Of the thirty pests, three are of major importance requiring some form of management in most regions in most seasons: these are the two heliothis species, the native budworm, Helicoverpa punctigera (Wallengren), and the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) and spider mites. The cotton aphid is also an important pest that often requires control in its own right, but is usually suppressed by the control measures used for heliothis.

Of the remaining pests, many are capable of considerable damage to cotton in any year, when they may even rival the major pests in importance. However, their occurrence can be highly variable and their abundance is usually in conjunction with other weed or crop hosts which are in turn favoured by the growing conditions in that particular season. Other sporadic pests tend to assume importance only if the major pests do not require control for lengthy periods or when cotton is grown in very isolated localities.

While the use of synthetic insecticides has sustained high yields of cotton, many of these chemicals also kill the beneficial insects and spiders as well as the pests. Unfortunately, some pests have developed resistance to many insecticide groups and these still kill the beneficial but allow larger numbers of pests to multiply relatively unharmed. In addition to the problem of resistance, use of insecticides is being increasingly regulated by legislation. This reflects concern over pesticide contamination of food and water for human consumption and the potential effects of pesticides in agricultural areas in the riverine environment and on wildlife. Reducing dependence on broad spectrum insecticides is a clear priority, although it remains impossible to make a consistent profit by growing unsprayed cotton crops. Nonetheless considerable progress has been made. In the last decade research has culminated in the progressive development and adoption of integrated pest management (IPM) approaches which utilise all possible tactics to provide adequate management.

The Tactics include:

The manipulation and management of beneficial insects

Pest resistant cotton varieties, including insect-protected GM varieties

Less disruptive, so-called ‘soft’ insecticides

Various cultural controls

Habitat manipulation, in which comparison crops are grown to divert pests away from the cotton crop or provide nurseries for beneficial species

All these tactics and their integrated use are explained in the Cotton CRCs IPM Guidelines and through decision support tools such as CottonLOGIC. The IPM guidelines are also integrated into the cotton industry’s Best Management Practice (BMP) approach, which provides a framework for continuous improvement in management practices. Pest management in cotton is now increasingly applied in an area wide basis with co-ordinated management among groups of growers over large areas. All these developments have seen significant reductions in pesticide applications particularly of disruptive broad-spectrum insecticides. By adopting area wide and IPM approaches, the sustainability of cotton production is enhanced and environmental benefits will result.

Accurate identification is one of the foundations for making sound pest management decisions. When pests are correctly identified, the relevant thresholds can be applied and appropriate management responses made. For beneficials, correct identification means that their potentially important role in regulating pest populations can be utilised.

Food Elimination Diet, Allergy Elimination Diet Plan, Symptoms, Allergies, Foods

Elimination Diet | Food Elimination Diet | Allergy Elimination Diet
What is Elimination Diet | Elimination Diet Plan

An elimination diet is a method of identifying foods that an individual cannot consume without adverse effects.Adverse effects may be due to food allergy, food intolerance, other physiological mechanisms (such as metabolic or toxins),or a combination of these. Elimination diets typically involve entirely removing a suspected food from the diet for a period of time from two weeks to two months, and waiting to determine whether symptoms resolve during that time period. In rare cases, a health professional may wish to use an oligoantigenic diet to relieve a patient of symptoms they are experiencing.

Common reasons for undertaking an elimination diet include suspected food allergies and suspected food intolerances. An elimination diet might remove one or more common foods, such as eggs or milk, or it might remove one or more minor or non-nutritive substances, such as artificial food colorings.

An elimination diet relies on trial and error to identify specific allergies and intolerances. Typically, if symptoms resolve after the removal of a food from the diet, then the food is reintroduced to see whether the symptoms reappear. This challenge-dechallenge-rechallenge approach is particularly useful in cases with intermittent or vague symptoms.

The terms exclusion diet and elimination diet are often used interchangeably in the literature, and there is no standardised terminology. The exclusion diet can be a diagnostic tool or method used temporarily to determine whether a patient’s symptoms are food-related. The term elimination diet is also used to describe a treatment diet, which eliminates certain foods for a patient.

Adverse reactions to food can be due to several mechanisms. Correct identification of the type of reaction in an individual is important, as different approaches to management may be required. The area of food allergies and intolerances has been controversial and is currently a topic that is heavily researched. It has been characterised in the past by lack of universal acceptance of definitions, diagnosis and treatment.
Allergy Elimination Diet

The concept of the elimination diet was first proposed by Dr. Albert Rowe in 1926 and expounded upon in his book, Elimination Diets and the Patient’s Allergies, published in 1941.

In 1978 Australian researchers published details of an ‘exclusion diet’ to exclude specific food chemicals from the diet of patients. This provided a basis for challenge with these additives and natural chemicals. Using this approach, the role played by dietary chemical factors in the pathogenesis of chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) was first established and set the stage for futute DBPCT trials of such substances in food intolerance studies.
Elimination Diet Symptoms | Elimination Diet Allergies | Elimination Diet Foods

The elimination diet must be comprehensive and should contain only those foods unlikely to provoke a reaction in a patient. They also need to be able to provide complete nutrition and energy for the weeks it will be conducted. Professional nutritional advice from a dietitian or nutritionist is strongly recommended. Thorough education about the elimination diet is essential to ensure patients and the parents of children with suspected food intolerance understand the importance of complete adherence to the diet, as inadvertent consumption of an offending chemical can prevent resolution of symptoms and render challenge results useless.

While on the elimination diet, records are kept of all foods eaten, medications taken, and symptoms that the patient may be experiencing. Patients are advised that withdrawal symptoms can occur in the first weeks on the elimination diet and some patients may experience symptoms that are worse initially before settling down.

While on the diet some patients become sensitive to fumes and odours, which may also cause symptoms. They are advised to avoid such exposures as this can complicate the elimination and challenge procedures. Petroleum products, paints, cleaning agents, perfumes, smoke and pressure pack sprays are particular chemicals to avoid when participating in an elimination diet. Once the procedure is complete this sensitivity becomes less of a problem.

Clinical improvement usually occurs over a 2 to 4 week period; if there is no change after a strict adherence to the elimination diet and precipitating factors, then food intolerance is unlikely to be the cause. A normal diet can then be resumed by gradually introducing suspected and eliminated foods or chemical group of foods one at a time. Gradually increasing the amount up to high doses over 3 to 7 days to see if exacerbated reactions are provoked before permanently reintroducing that food to the diet. A strict elimination diet is not usually recommended during pregnancy, although a reduction in suspected foods that reduce symptoms can be helpful.

Reasons for undertaking an elimination diet may vary from patient to patient, as some types of elimination diets are not out of medical necessity but completely by choice.

Some of the most common elimination diets include

* Veganism, where an individual removes all animal products from the diet, including meat, dairy, fish, eggs, and even honey. Many will refuse to use any item that has been produced by an animal, like leather or fur clothing.

* Vegetarianism, which tends to be a less extreme version of veganism, with options ranging from an ovo-lacto vegetarian, a person who will consume no meat, but will consume dairy products and eggs, a Pescetarian that consumes no meat products except fish and shellfish, or even a flexitarian who will consume a mostly vegan diet, but eats meat and other animal products on occasion.

* Gluten-free, a diet where all grains that contain gluten are eliminated from the diet, including wheat, kamut, spelt, barley, rye, and potentially oats, though there is some controversy on this grain. This is the only medically accepted treatment for patients who have Celiac disease and has some inconclusive studies linked to decreasing symptoms of autism.

Aventurine Stone Meaning and Benefits

Aventurine Stone

Aventurine Stone heals emotional pain, fear and imbalance by dissolving blocks in the heart Chakra. It is very good for the lower back or sciatica. A crystal can be placed in the bath water to ease muscles. This is a good career stone for those in stressful situations at work. It helps to reinforces ones decision making abilities and amplifies leadership qualities.

Aventurine Stone protects and helps to heal the lungs, heart, adrenal glands, muscular tissue, Nervous System, and Stress. It is also helpful in reducing cholesterol and the prevention of arteriosclerosis. It clears the skin especially when allergies are involved. It enhances mental powers, eyesight, gambling, money, peace, healing, and luck. Legend claims that aventurine can also help in healing near sightedness. It is mainly quartz, a quartzite, usually containing mica.

Aventurine Stone radiates a calming energy, this is used in shielding the heart and in healing and balancing the emotions. It further stimulates creativity and independence. It enhances leadership qualities allowing the wearer to act decisively, and strengthens intuitive power. It is especially useful for healing and for good luck. This is also helpful in the treatment of fevers, inflammation, nervous system stress, migraines, eye ailments, blood pressure abnormalities, hypertension and urino-genital disorders. It amplifies your ability to focus and find creative solutions as well.

Aventurine Stone color can be mentioned as Green, bluish-white, bluish green and orange. Its hardness is 7 and specific gravity is 2.65. Refractive index varies from 1.544-1.563. It is the sign of Taurus. This can be the anniversary gemstone for the 8th year of marriage.

Chili Pepper Definition, Health Benefits, Buying, Medicinal

Chili Peppers | Chili Pepper

What is Chili Pepper | Define Chili Pepper | Chili Pepper Definition | Chili Pepper Meaning

Chili peppers, despite their fiery hotness are one of very popular spices known for medicinal and health benefiting properties. The chili is actually a fruit pod from the plant belonging to the nightshade family of solanaceae, of the genus; capsicum. Scientific name: Capsicum annum. Some common members of nightshade family are tomato, auburgine, tobacco etc.

Several cultivars of chillies grown all around the world. The chilli plant is native to Central American region where it was used as spicy ingredient in Mexican cuisines for several thousand years. It was introduced to the rest of the world by Spanish and Portuguese explorers during 16th and 17th centuries and now grown widely in many parts of the world as an important commercial crop. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Chilli plant is a perennial small shrub with woody stem growing up to a meter height and bears white colored flowers. The pods are very variable in size, shape, color and pungency. Depending on the cultivar type, they range from the mild, fleshy, Mexican bell peppers to the tiny, fiery, finger-like chili peppers, commonly grown in Indian subcontinent. The hotness of chili is measured in “Scoville heat units” (SHU). On the Scoville scale, a sweet bell pepper scores 0, a jalapeño pepper around 2,500-4,000 and a Mexican habañeros 200,000 to 500,000.

Interiorly, each fruit features numerous tiny, white or cream colored, circular and flat seeds. The seeds are actually clinging to centrally placed white placenta.

To harvest, chilies can be picked up while they are green or when they reach complete maturity and dried in the plant. Usually, the fruits are picked up by hand when they are matured and turned red. They are then left to dry which causes them to shrivel. Chilies have strong spicy taste that comes to them from the active alkaloid compounds capsaicin, capsanthin and capsorubin. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Health benefits of Chili Peppers | Benefits of Chili Peppers

Chili pepper contains impressive list of plant derived chemical compounds that are known to have disease preventing and health promoting properties.

Chillies contain health benefiting an alkaloid compound in them, capsaicin which gives strong spicy pungent character. Early laboratory studies on experimental mammals suggest that capsaicin has anti-bacterial, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic and anti-diabetic properties. It also found to reduce LDL cholesterol levels in obese individuals. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Fresh chili peppers, red or green, are rich source of vitamin-C. 100 g fresh chilies provide about 143.7 mcg or about 240% of RDA. Vitamin C is a potent water soluble antioxidant. It is required for the collagen synthesis in the body. Collagen is the main structural protein in the body required for maintaining the integrity of blood vessels, skin, organs, and bones. Regular consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps body protect from scurvy; develop resistance against infectious agents (boosts immunity) and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals fro the body. helps remove harmful free radicals from the body.

They are also good in other antioxidants like vitamin A, and flvonoids like beta carotene, alpha carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and cryptoxanthins. These antioxidant substances in capsicum helps to protect body from injurious effects of free radicals generated during stress, diseases conditions. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Chillies contain good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Potassium in an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase.

Chillies are also good in B-complex group of vitamins such as niacin, pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), riboflavin and thiamin (vitamin B-1). These vitamins are essential in the sense that body requires them from external sources to replenish. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Chilli peppers have amazingly high levels of vitamins and minerals. Just 100 g provides (in % of Recommended daily allowance)
240% of vitamin-C (Ascorbic acid),
39% of vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine),
32% of vitamin A,
13% of iron,
14% of copper,
7% of potassium, 
but no cholesterol.  chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Buying Chili Peppers

Chili peppers are available year around in the markets either in the fresh, dried or powdered form. In the store, buy fresh chili peppers instead of powder since, oftentimes it may contain adulterated spicy mixtures.

Look for raw, fresh chilies featuring brilliant color (green, yellow, orange, red depending on the variety), with healthy stalk, wholesome and compact. Avoid those with spots or those spoiled tips and inflicted by molds. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Once at home, should be stored in the refrigerator in a plastic bag where they will stay fresh for about a week. Dry whole red chilies are also available in the markets. Dry chillies can be stored at room temperature in a cool, dark place and in airtight containers for many months; can be milled to powder using hand mill as and when required. If you want to buy dry chili powder instead, go for the authentic and branded products. Powdered chili pepper should be stored in cool place in airtight containers. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Chili Pepper Medicinal

Chili peppers contain chemical compound capsaicin. Capasicin and its co-compounds used in the preparation of ointments, rubs and tinctures for their astringent, counter-irritant and analgesic properties.

These formulations have been in use in the treatment of arthritic pain, post herpetic neuropathic pain, sore muscles etc.

Scientific studies on experimental mammals suggest that capsaicin has anti-bacterial, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic and anti-diabetic properties. It also found to reduce LDL cholesterol levels in obese persons. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Chili Pepper Recipes

Raw, fresh chilies should be washed in clean water before used in cooking in order to remove any residual fungicides, sand and soil. Chilies either fresh or powder form, can cause severe burning sensation to hands and may cause severe irritation to nasal passages, eyes and throat. Therefore, it may be advised in some sensitive individuals to use thin hand gloves and face masks while handling chilies.

Here are some serving tips

Fresh raw bell peppers and sweet pepper varieties are being used as vegetables in cuisines in many parts of the world.

Chopped bell peppers are being used in the preparation of chili sauce, pizzas, rolls, and in variety of dishes using fish, meat and chicken in many Central American and European regions.

Dried chili powder is an important ingredient in spice mix known as curry powder in many Asian countries. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Hot chillies used as condiment in the preparation of soups, chili-sauce, spicy water, vinegar-spice mix etc.

Chilies, soaked in yogurt and then dried under sunlight, are used as side snacks during dinner in south Indian states. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Chili Pepper Side Effects

Chili peppers contain active component in them, capsaicin, which gives strong spicy pungent character which when eaten causes severe irritation and hot sensation to mouth, tongue and throat.

Capsaicin in chilies initially elicit inflammation when it come in contact with the delicate mucus membranes of oral cavity, throat and stomach, and soon produces severe burning sensation that is perceived as ‘hot’ through free nerve endings in the mucosa. Eating cold yogurt helps reduce the burning pain by diluting capsaicin concentration and also preventing its contact with stomach walls. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Avoid touching eyes with chili contaminated fingers. Rinse eyes thoroughly in cold water to reduce irrittion.

Chilies may aggravate existing gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) condition.

Certain chemical compounds like aflatoxin (fungal mold), found in spoiled chilies have been known to cause stomach, liver and colon cancers. chili pepper, chili pepper definition, chili pepper health benefits, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper medicinal, chili pepper benefits, chili pepper buying

Custom Upholstery Fabric Overview and Uses

Custom Upholstery Fabric

Custom Upholstery Fabric is tightly woven fabric. The thread count is more and it wears better. Custom Upholstery Fabric does not wiggle or move around and is often heavy. It is tough, durable and do not soil or fade. Custom Upholstery Fabric is sometimes also known as home furnishings or decorator fabric and is usually 54 inches wide.

Custom Upholstery fabric usually has a balanced weave, where all the yarns are about the same size and strength. A twill weave upholstery fabric resists wear and shows soil less than a plain weave of similar quality. Flat-surfaced Custom Upholstery fabric shows the effect of abrasion. Pile fabrics withstand abrasion quite well. A latex backing is often applied to the upholstery fabric to help stabilize them. Latex forms a coating which helps keep soil from sifting through. It prevents seam slippage. Loosely woven Custom Upholstery Fabric should have an applied backing in order to ensure stability and longer wear.

Custom Upholstery Fabric Types


Though expensive, but is a wonderful choice.


Vinyl Custom Upholstery Fabric is tough and easy to wipe off, but is not good at skin. It feels cold in cool room and stick to skin in warm rooms. Polyurethane faux is better than polyvinyl chloride faux.


It is resilient and last longer. Stains are removed easily. Nylon velvet is a very durable.


It is absorbent, feels cool against skin in warm climate and is comfortable in colder climates. Heavier-weight cottons like canvas and denim wear well.


Linen Custom Upholstery Fabric is tough but wrinkles easily and tends to feel stiff. It is expensive and needs extra care while cleaning inorder to retain its color and shape.


It is strong and warm. It has moth problem and shrinkage potential.

Acrylic blends

It is washable and is resilient while deterring shrinkage. It has wooly appearance without the moth problem. Pure acrylics tend to pill.


It is strong, resistant to wrinkles and is attractive. It neither stretches nor shrinks. It can pill but blend with cotton combines the advantage of both of these fabrics.

Characteristics of Custom Upholstery Fabric

  • It is durable.
  • It is easily cleanable.
  • It is resistant to soil and fading.

Custom Upholstery Fabric Uses

  • Autos
  • Boats
  • Furniture
  • Home decoration

Absorption Costing Overview and Components

Absorption Costing

Absorption costing is defined as a method for accumulating fixed and variable costs associated with a production process and apportioning them to individual products. Thus, a product may absorb a broad range of costs. These costs are not recognized as expenses in the month when an entity pays for them. Instead, they remain in inventory as an asset until such time as the inventory is sold.

Absorption Costing Components

The key costs assigned to products under an absorption costing system are:

. Direct materials. Those materials that are included in a finished product.
. Direct labor. The factory labor costs required to construct a product.
. Variable manufacturing overhead. The costs to operate a manufacturing facility, which vary with production volume. Examples are supplies and electricity for production equipment.
. Fixed manufacturing overhead. The costs to operate a manufacturing facility, which do not vary with production volume. Examples are rent and insurance.

Absorption Costing Steps

The steps required to complete a periodic assignment of costs to produced goods is:

. Assign costs to cost pools – This is comprised of a standard set of accounts that are always included in cost pools, and which should rarely be changed.
. Calculate usage – Determine the amount of usage of whatever activity measure is used to assign overhead costs, such as machine hours or direct labor hours used.
. Assign costs – Divide the usage measure into the total costs in the cost pools to arrive at the allocation rate per unit of activity, and assign overhead costs to produced goods based on this usage rate.

Absorption Costing Problems

Since absorption costing requires the allocation of what may be a considerable amount of overhead costs to products, a large proportion of a product’s costs may not be directly traceable to the product. Direct costing does not require the allocation of overhead to a product, and so may be more useful than absorption costing for incremental pricing decisions where you are more concerned with only the costs required to build the next incremental unit of product.

It is also possible that an entity could generate extra profits simply by manufacturing more products that it does not sell. This situation arises because absorption costing requires fixed manufacturing overhead to be allocated to the total number of units produced – if some of those units are not subsequently sold, then the fixed overhead costs assigned to the excess units are never charged to expense, thereby resulting in increased profits. A manager could falsely authorize excess production to create these extra profits, but it burdens the entity with potentially obsolete inventory, and also requires the investment of working capital in the extra inventory.

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Why Textilesindepth.com and How Will I Be Benefited

Welcome to Textilesindepth.com. A Multi Portal Website with 9 Portals Specialized Only on Textiles, Apparel, Fashion, Beauty, Jewelery, Leather and Footwear for Classifieds, Jobs, Question and Answers, Blogs, Designs, Portfolios, Books | Magazines, Business and Colleges.

Applications List and Features on Textilesindepth.com

You Can Post Your Ads on Our Classifieds Portal


You Can Register Free as an Employee and Submit Your Resumes or You Can Register Free and an Employer and List Your Job Openings on Our Jobs Portal


You Can Ask Questions and Answer Questions on our Q & A Portal


You Can Post Blogs on Your Interesting Topic and Make the World Recognize Talent on Our Blog Portal


You Can Upload Your Personal Designs on Our Design Portal


You Can Create Your Portfolio With Skills You are Blessed With on Our Portfolio Portal


You Can List Your Favorite Books on Our Books and Magazines Portal


You Can List Your Business Details on Our Business Portal


You Can List Your College Details on Our College Portal


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