SPS Coral Identification, Rare SPS Corals Care

SPS Coral

The SPS coral have small fleshy polyps that lay down a calcareous skeleton. They are usually either branching or plated. These are different than LPS, which are also called Large Polyped Stony corals. Both SPS coral and LPS corals are reef building corals and each polyp will build a stony skeleton, while soft corals don’t usually leave a stony skeleton behind when they die.

It require different water parameters than soft corals do, for their survival, and especially for their maximum growth. They prefer to have close to zero measurable Nitrates, because these Nitrates can inhibit the building of their skeleton. The calcification of their skeleton can be slowed or stopped by higher levels of Nitrates.

It use zooxanthellae in the same way that LPS and other corals do, but they require more specific conditions to grow and maintain health. Due to the reduced amount of zooxanthellae in SPS coral, it is sometimes necessary to feed the corals using phytoplankton or other coral food.

It is possible to keep SPS coral in the same tank as soft corals, but in the ocean, you don’t really see a lot of mixing of the two types of corals except in sort of micro environments. Most part of SPS Coral enjoy bright light and strong currents. They are often fragile and are propagated by breaking off pieces. It is considered to be the ultimate challenge in keeping corals.

Rayon Cloth, Fabric and Material Overview

Rayon Cloth

Rayon Cloth is neither made from natural fiber nor from synthetic. It is made by regenerating natural materials into a usable form. Rayon Cloth is economical and can be found in cotton-like end uses or that of sumptuous velvets and taffetas. Rayon Cloth absorbs moisture more than cotton and has a good breathable quality. Rayon cloth is soft to skin and is comfortable to wear. It is non-static and never pills.

Rayon was developed in France in the 1890s and was then named as ‘artificial silk’. In the year 1924, it was named as ‘rayon’ and was officially adopted by the textile industry. It is made from wood pulp, which is a naturally-occurring cellulose-based raw material. Hence, the properties of Rayon Cloth are similar to natural cellulose fibers like cotton or linen.

Types of Rayon Cloth

Regular Rayon Cloth

This has the largest market share. It is typically used in apparel and home furnishing. It has low wet strength and becomes unstable and may stretch or shrink when wet.

High Wet Modulus (HWM)

This has the same property as regular rayon but with high wet strength. It performs much like cotton in similar end uses. Like cotton, it can be mercerized for increased strength and luster.

High Tenacity Rayon Cloth

This is a modified regular rayon with exceptional strength (two times the strength of HWM rayon). It is primarily used in tire cord and industrial end uses. It is sometimes chemically coated, or rubberized for the protection from moisture. It resists loss of dimensional stability and strength during the use.


This is manufactured from either regular rayon or HWM rayons. These are very fine. The fabrics from microfibers drapes better and are silk-like in hand and appearance.

Rayon Cloth Properties

  • is strong and durable.
  • Rayon Cloth is extremely absorbent.
  • is soft and comfortable.
  • is breathable.
  • Rayon Cloth is easily dyed in vivid colors.
  • is abrasion resistant.
  • resists insect damage.
  • does not pill.
  • drapes well and does not have a problem with static.
  • wrinkles easily.
  • looses 30% to 50% of its strength when wet.

Uses of Rayon Cloth

  • used in Apparel – Blouses, dresses, jackets, lingerie, linings, millinery, slacks, sport shirts, sportswear, suits, ties, work clothes
  • used in Home Fashions – bedspreads, blankets, curtains, draperies, sheet, slip covers, tablecloths, upholstery.

Beaded Jewelry, Bead Jewelry Making, Bead Shapes, Decoration

Beaded Jewelry | Bead Jewelry
Bead Jewelry Making | Making Beaded Jewelry

Bead Jewelry making and usage of bead jewelry is a practice adopted since ancient period of history. Indian jewelry is world famous, and some of the most gorgeous ornaments from India, are to be found in the jewelry lines of private Indian jewelry designers.

Since then, a variety of material has been used to make beads which have in turn been used to make jewelry. Some of the popular kinds of bead jewelry are:
Beads for Jewelry Making

Glass bead
Metal bead
Wooden bead
Clay bead
Paper bead
Gemstone bead
Papier mache bead
Plastic bead
Resin bead
Seed bead
Rudraksha bead
Myrrh bead
Coco beads

This material is used to make beads which are then strung on elastic, natural fiber thread, wire, or nylon, to create attractive bead jewelry. Alternatively, the beads are also adhered to surfaces which are then used to make bead ornaments.
Beads Creation

The creation of beads involves a great deal of imagination, creativity and dexterity. Raw material may be made into beads that are of various shapes and sizes.
Bead Shapes

Some of the popular bead shapes are:

Diamond shaped
Bugle or tubular
Charlotte cut
What is Bead | Bead Decoration

A bead may be decorated in various ways. It could be painted, varnished, engraved. It is possible to adorn it with glitter. Beads may be transparent, translucent or opaque. They are available in watery colors, pastels, bold shades, florescent bright colors, metallic hues. In short, there is no dearth to what the scope of a bead and bead jewelry is.

Bead trinkets include bead necklaces, bead bracelets, bead anklets, bead earrings, bead bangles , bead rings , bead armlets. Beaded belts, beaded brooches, breaded hair jewelry is also popular.

In India, beads have been used to make jewelry since ancient times. All types of Indian jewelry , including tribal ornaments , custom jewelry , fashion jewelry as well as traditional jewelry, has been made using beads of various kinds.

Viscose Fabric, Material and Viscose Rayon


While there are many variations in the manufacturing process of Viscose that exploit the versatility of the fiber, the following is a description of the procedure that is used in making regular or viscose rayon.

Regardless of whether wood pulp or cotton linters are used, the basic raw material for making Viscose rayon must be processed in order to extract and purify the cellulose. The resulting sheets of white, purified cellulose are then treated to form regenerated cellulose filaments. In turn, these filaments are spun into yarns and eventually made into the desired fabric.

The viscose process of manufacturing viscose rayon consists of the following steps mentioned, in the order that they are carried out: (1) Steeping, (2) Pressing, (3) Shredding, (4) Aging, (5) Xanthation, (6) Dissolving, (7)Ripening, (8) Filtering, (9) Degassing, (10) Spinning, (11) Drawing, (12) Washing, (13) Cutting. The various steps involved in the process of manufacturing viscose are explained below.

Viscose Manufacturing – Steeping

Cellulose pulp is immersed in 17-20% aqueous sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at a temperature in the range of 18
to 25°C in order to swell the cellulose fibers and to convert cellulose to alkali cellulose.

Viscose Manufacturing – Pressing

The swollen alkali cellulose mass is pressed to a wet weight equivalent of 2.5 to 3.0 times the original pulp weight to obtain an accurate ratio of alkali to cellulose.

Viscose Manufacturing – Shredding

The pressed alkali cellulose is shredded mechanically to yield finely divided, fluffy particles called crumbs. This step provides increased surface area of the alkali cellulose, thereby increasing its ability to react in the steps that follow.

Viscose Manufacturing – Aging

The alkali cellulose is aged under controlled conditions of time and temperature (between 18 and 30° C) in order to de-polymerize the cellulose to the desired degree of polymerization. In this step the average molecular weight of the original pulp is reduced by a factor of two to three. Reduction of the cellulose is done to get a viscose solution of right viscosity and cellulose concentration.

Viscose Manufacturing – Xanthation

In this step the aged alkali cellulose crumbs are placed in vats and are allowed to react with carbon disulphide under controlled temperature (20 to 30°C) to form cellulose xanthate.

Side reactions that occur along with the conversion of alkali cellulose to cellulose xanthate are responsible for the orange color of the xanthate crumb and also the resulting viscose solution. The orange cellulose xanthate crumb is dissolved in dilute sodium hydroxide at 15 to 20 °C under high-shear mixing conditions to obtain a viscous orange colored solution called viscose, which is the basis for the manufacturing process. The viscose solution is then filtered (to get out the insoluble fiber material) and is deaerated.

Viscose Manufacturing – Dissolving

The yellow crumb is dissolved in aqueous caustic solution. The large xanthate substituents on the cellulose force the chains apart, reducing the interchain hydrogen bonds and allowing water molecules to solvate and separate the chains, leading to solution of the otherwise insoluble cellulose. Because of the blocks of un-xanthated cellulose in the crystalline regions, the yellow crumb is not completely soluble at this stage. Because the cellulose xanthate solution (or more accurately, suspension) has a very high viscosity, it has been termed viscose.

Viscose Manufacturing – Ripening

The viscose is allowed to stand for a period of time to ripen. Two important process occur during ripening: Redistribution and loss of xanthate groups. The reversible xanthation reaction allows some of the xanthate groups to revert to cellulosic hydroxyls and free CS2. This free CS2 can then escape or react with other hydroxyl on other portions of the cellulose chain. In this way, the ordered, or crystalline, regions are gradually broken down and more complete solution is achieved. The CS2 that is lost reduces the solubility of the cellulose and facilitates regeneration of the cellulose after it is formed into a filament.

Viscose Manufacturing – Filtering

The viscose is filtered to remove undissolved materials that might disrupt the spinning process or cause defects in the rayon filament.

Viscose Manufacturing – Degassing

Bubbles of air entrapped in the viscose must be removed prior to extrusion or they would cause voids, or weak spots, in the fine rayon filaments.

Viscose Manufacturing – Spinning – (Wet Spinning)

Production of Viscose Rayon Filament: The viscose solution is metered through a spinnerette into a spin bath containing sulphuric acid (necessary to acidify the sodium cellulose xanthate), sodium sulphate (necessary to impart a high salt content to the bath which is useful in rapid coagulation of viscose), and zinc sulphate (exchange with sodium xanthate to form zinc xanthate, to cross link the cellulose molecules).

Once the cellulose xanthate is neutralized and acidified, rapid coagulation of the rayon filaments occurs which is followed by simultaneous stretching and decomposition of cellulose xanthate to regenerated cellulose. Stretching and decomposition are vital for getting the desired tenacity and other properties of rayon. Slow regeneration of cellulose and stretching of rayon will lead to greater areas of crystallinity within the fiber, as is done with high-tenacity rayons.

The dilute sulphuric acid decomposes the xanthate and regenerates cellulose by the process of wet spinning. The outer portion of the xanthate is decomposed in the acid bath, forming a cellulose skin on the fiber. Sodium and zinc sulphates control the rate of decomposition (of cellulose xanthate to cellulose) and fiber formation.

Elongation-at-break is seen to decrease with an increase in the degree of crystallinity and orientation of rayon.

Viscose Manufacturing – Drawing

The rayon filaments are stretched while the cellulose chains are still relatively mobile. This causes the chains to stretch out and orient along the fiber axis. As the chains become more parallel, interchain hydrogen bonds form, giving the filaments the properties necessary for use as textile fibers.

Viscose Manufacturing – Washing

The freshly regenerated rayon contains many salts and other water soluble impurities which need to be removed. Several different washing techniques may be used.

Viscose Manufacturing – Cutting

If the rayon is to be used as staple (i.e., discreet lengths of fiber), the group of filaments (termed tow) is passed through a rotary cutter to provide a fiber which can be processed in much the same way as cotton.

Fabric Treatment and Info on Fabric Treatments

Fabric Treatment

Fabric Treatment – Chemical Finishing

Chemical Finishing adds qualities to fabrics which they lack.It eliminates certain flaws or improves their touch and aspect.

Functional Finishing

Functional finishing improves the product’s performance under conditions of specific use.

Fabric Treatment – Aesthetic Finishing

Aesthetic Finishing includes treatments to improve the appearance or touch (sensation) of the fabric.

Secondly, there is a distinction between chemical treatments (wet) and mechanical treatments (dry).

A third way to classify treatments is done by their degree of permanency. These classifications are :

Fabric Treatment – Temporary finish for fabrics

The finish is removed by washing or dry-cleaning; e.g. calendaring (similar to pressing).

Renewable finishes for fabrics

Finishes that may be applied again. Examples of this type of treatment are starch and dirt repellent finishes.

Fabric Treatment – Durable finishes for fabrics

A treatment that will last the entire life of the product but with decreasing efficiency.

Permanent finishes for fabrics

Finish remaining entirely the same during the entire life of the product.

Fabric Treatment – Chemical Finishing Treatment for fabrics

Chemical treatment adds particular qualities and characteristics to fabrics. The most commonly used treatments are

Crease-resistant treatment, allowing to avoid the tendency to crease of cotton fabrics.

Shrink-resistant finish limits the tendency to shrink of cotton.

By applying the water repellent and oil repellent finish, one avoids that fabrics absorb water and oil.

Other finishes add specific properties to fabrics to starch and reinforce them.

The softening finish improves the touch of the fabric.

Fabric Treatment – Fabric Calendering

Consists of submitting the fabric to a high pressure between two cylinders at high temperature, which will give a bright and ironed aspect. There is a variant to calendering called honeycomb by which embossed patterns are engraved on the surface of the fabric.

Fabric Treatment – Fabric Raising | Fabric Suede

It consist of cutting certain fibres on the surface of the fabric to give them a soft and velvety aspect. Raising is obtained by grating the fabric with metallic points, and sueding by the friction of sandpaper.

Fabric Treatment – Sanforizing | Sanforizing Process

It allows to prevent the cotton from shrinking when washed. It is carried out by compressing the cotton to reduce its shrinking capacity .

Mattress Fabric, Mattress Material and Types

Mattress Fabric

Mattress fabric is luxurious, elegant and very smooth. Special treatment is given to make mattress fabric to fire resistant and anti-microbial that eliminates bacteria, fungi, mildew, and mold. Sometimes it is quilted to give extra comfort. It repels liquids and resists stains. It breathes well and is durable.

Mattress fabric used to cover the exterior of a mattress is called mattress ticking. Higher quality mattresses have higher coil counts, and a good cushion sewn into the mattress. The sagging in the mattress is by the padding. Thicker and higher quality padding makes good mattress.

Mattress ticking fabric is the fabric that holds a mattress together.

The ticking has to be made of quality material so it will last for several years. Cheap mattress ticking is made from polyester or polypropylene, while quality ticking is made from cotton or viscose.

Mattress ticking must by hygienic and stain-resistance. It should also help reduce air pollutants.

Mattress Fabric Types

Organic Cotton Fabric

Contains no pesticides, defoliants, mineral oil or flame-retardant chemicals.

Pure Wool Mattress Fabric

Natural flame retardant. Dust mite and mold resistant.

Mattress Fabric Characteristics

  • It is luxurious.
  • It is elegant.
  • It is smooth.
  • It is fire resistant.
  • Mattress Fabric is anti-bacterial.
  • It prevents microbially caused odors.


  • Cotton Mattresses
  • Futon Mattress
  • Latex Foam Mattress
  • Foam Mattress
  • Wool Mattress
  • Crib Mattress

Apparel Manufacturers Exporters & Suppliers

Apparel Manufacturers Exporters & Suppliers

If you don’t find your listing here Please furnish your details.


We are manufacturers, wholesalers and exporters of all kinds of shawls, stoles, scarves, ponchos, fabrics, skirts, kurtis/tops, bedspreads etc. Our strategy is to provide best quality, best price and timely delivery to our customer. We maintain stock of 50000-100000 pieces in our items.
Products we deal in: All kinds of shawls, viscose shawls, pashmina shawls, beaded shawls, embroidered shawls, jamawar shawls, stoles, scarves, ponchos, fabrics, skirts, kurtis/tops, bedspreads etc.
Contact Details
Telephone : 911832508383
Website : http://www.antiqueshawls.com


We are into

Apparel, Garments, Fashion Clothing & Accessories
Ladies Apparel & Garments
Textiles, Yarn, Fabrics & Allied Industries
Sarees, Ghaghra & Salwar Suits
Silk Fabrics, Sarees, Scarves & Accesories
Embroidery & Embroidered Garments, Made ups & Furnishings
Handicrafts, Handmades, Gifts & Decoratives
Home Furnishings, Home Textiles and Home Decor Accessories
Embroidery & Embroidered Garments, Made ups & Furnishings

Contact Details : DEEPAK 163, 2ND STAGE, 2ND BLOCK, KARNATAKA- 560072 INDIA
Telephone : 080-23288093
Fax :080-23288093
Website : http://www.renukasilks.com


Our Profile Welcome to la Royal, Your One stop stands for Indian Traditional Ethnic Garments. You will find here state of art cultural Wedding Sherwani for marriage and parties, Jodhpuri Suits, Bollywood Style Designer Sarees and Much more. Our unbeatable collection will give you aroma of Truly Indian Culture with western touch. Our Jodhpuri Suits integrated western culture in true Indian style. Happy Shopping and Be Ready for Envious Stares.
Products we deal in: Indian Traditional Garments, Indian Wedding Sherwanis, Indian Wedding Sarees ,Bollywood style sarees, Designer Sarees
Contact Details :
Telephone : 917930420314
Website : http://www.tid.in/saminshah , http://www.laroyal.net


We Deal With

Apparel, Garments and Fashion Clothing & Accessories, Bed Covers, Curtains, Cushions & Other Draperies
Handicrafts, Handmades, & Decoratives
Home Furnishings, Home Textiles and Home Decor Accessories
Household Consumables & Home Supplies
Textiles, Yarn, Fabrics & Allied Industries
Cotton, Canvas & Jute Bags & Beddings
Ladies Apparel & Garments
Kids Apparel & Garments
Clothing & Accessories Fashion And Designer Bags
Leather and Leather Products
Jute & Jute Products
Packaging Material, Supplies & Accessories
Scarves, Stoles, Caps, Hats & Other Made Ups

Contact Details :
Telephone : 51611751
Fax :51612103
Website : http://www.hometextileindia.com


We Deal With

Apparel, Garments and Fashion Clothing & Accessories Ladies Apparel & Garments
Textiles, Yarn, Fabrics & Allied Industries Ladies Apparel & Garments

Contact Details


We Deal with Apparel, Garments and Fashion Clothing & Accessories Men Apparel & Garments
Contact Details
Telephone : 26424272
Fax :51612103
Website : http://www.homeandsecurity.com

Zipper Parts, Head, Foot, Zip Lock, Zips Uses


A zipper is a popular device for temporarily joining two edges of fabric. It is used in clothing (e.g. jackets and jeans), luggage and other bags, sporting goods, camping gear (e.g., tents and sleeping bags), and other daily use items.

Zipper Description

The bulk of a zipper consists of two strips of fabric tape, each affixed to one of the two pieces to be joined, carrying tens or hundreds of specially shaped metal or plastic teeth. These teeth can be either individual or shaped from a continuous coil, and are also referred to as elements. The slider, operated by hand, moves along the rows of teeth. Inside the slider is a Y-shaped channel that meshes together or separates the opposing rows of teeth, depending on the direction of its movement. The friction and vibration of the slider against the teeth causes a characteristic buzzing noise, which is probably the origin of the name zipper. The name also may have originated in the greater speed and ease with which the two sides of a zipper can be joined, compared to the time needed for fastening laces or buttons.

Some zips have two slides, allowing variation in the opening’s size and position. In most jackets and similar garments, the opening is closed entirely when one slide is at each end. In most baggage, the opening is closed entirely when the two slides are next to each other at any point along the zipper.

Zipper Uses

  • Increase the size of an opening to allow the passage of objects, as in the fly of trousers or in a pocket
  • Join or separate two ends or sides of a single garment, as in the front of a jacket, dress or skirt.
  • Attach or detach a separable part of the garment to or from another, as in the conversion between trousers and shorts or the connection / disconnection of a hood and a coat.
  • Decorate an item.

These variations are achieved by sewing one end of the zipper together, sewing both ends together, or allowing both ends of the zipper to come completely apart.

A zipper costs relatively little, but if it fails, the garment may be unusable until the zipper is repaired or replaced — which can be quite difficult and expensive. Problems often lie with the zipper slider; when it becomes worn it does not properly align and join the alternating teeth. If a zipper fails, it can either jam (i.e. get stuck) or partially break off.

Textile / Apparel / Garment / Fashion Colleges in United States

Textile / Apparel / Garment / Fashion Colleges in United States

Alabama A&M University

PO 1357Normal, AL 35762United States (USA)

tel: +1 (205) 851 5230

fax: +1 (205) 851 5244


subjects:Fashion & Apparel

Jefferson Davis Community College

220 Alco DriveBrewton, AL 36426United States (USA)

tel: +1 (334) 867 4832

fax: +1 (334) 867 7399


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: John Powell

Jewelry & Metalwork: John Powell.

Jefferson State College

2601 Carson RoadBirmingham, AL 35215United States (USA)

admin director: Frank Collinson

public relations: Frank Collinson

subjects: Fashion & Apparel: John Powell

University of Alabama – Tuscaloosa

University BoulevardTuscaloosa, AL 35487United States (USA)

tel: +1 (205) 348 6010

fax: +1 (205) 348 9642


libraries: University of Alabama Library


Fabric & Textile: Carolyn Callis

Fashion & Apparel: Wilma Greene

Mesa Community College

1833 W. Southern Ave.Mesa, AZ 85202United States (USA)

tel: +1 (602) 461 7000

fax: +1 (602) 461 7804



Consumer Science (textiles & clothing)

Northern Arizona University

Flagstaff, AZ 86001United States (USA)

tel: +1 (520) 523 9011

fax: +1 (520) 523 5111


email: graduate.college@nau.edu

libraries: Cline Library


Fashion & Apparel: Charles Hiers.

University of Arkansas – Fayetteville

Fayetteville, AR 72701United States (USA)

tel: +1 (501) 575 4148

fax: +1 (501) 575 7076


email: dherring@comp.uark.edu


Fashion & Apparel

Academy of Art University

79 New Montgomery StreetSan Francisco, CA 94105-3410United States (USA)


email: admissions@academyart.edu

libraries: Academy of Art College Library

subjects:Fashion Design

American Intercontinental University – Los Angeles

12655 W. Jefferson BlvdLos Angeles, CA 90066-7008United States (USA)

tel: +1 (213) 470 2000

fax: +1 (213) 477 8540


libraries: American Intercontinental University Library

subjects:Fashion & Apparel.

American River College

1919 Spanos CourtSacramento, CA 95825United States (USA)

tel: +1 (916) 568 3041


libraries: American River College Library

subjects: Fashion & Apparel

Art Institute of Los Angeles Orange County

3601 West Sunflower AvenueSanta Ana, CA 92704-9888United States (USA)


subjects:Fashion Design

Fashion Marketing

Art Institutes International – San Francisco

1170 Market StreetSan Francisco, CA 94102United States (USA)

tel: +1 (415) 865 0198

fax: +1 (415) 493 3261


subjects: Fashion Design

Butte Community College

3536 Butte Campus DriveOroville, CA 95965United States (USA)


subjects:Fashion (apparel design)

Fashion (merchandising)

Fashion (textiles)

California College of Arts & Crafts

5212 BroadwayOakland, CA 94618-1487United States (USA)

tel: +1 (510) 653 8118

fax: +1 (510) 653 0825


libraries: Meyer Library – CCAC Simpson Library – CCAC

subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Jennifer Minniti

Textile Design: K. Larisch

Jewelry & Metalwork: M. Streich

California State University – Los Angeles

5151 State University DriveLos Angeles, CA 90032United States (USA)

tel: +1 (213) 343 3000

fax: +1 (213) 343 2670


libraries: CSU Library – Los Angeles

subjects:Textile Design: Carol Tuntland

Jewelry & Metalwork: Christine Smith

Fashion & Apparel: Rebecca Davis

California State University – Stanislaus

801 W. Monte Vista Ave.Turlock, CA 95382United States (USA)

tel: +1 (209) 667 3201

fax: +1 (209) 667 3333


libraries: Turlock Library

subjects:Fashion & Apparel: John A. Barnett

Chaffey College

5885 Haven Ave.Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91737-3002United States (USA)

tel: +1 (714) 941 2496


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Penny Marino

College of San Mateo

1700 W. Hillsdale Blvd.San Mateo, CA 94402United States (USA)

tel: +1 (650) 574 6288

fax: +1 (650) 574 6566



Fabric & Textile: Grace Sonner

Fashion & Apparel: Grace Sonne

Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising – Costa Mesa

3420 Bristol Street, Fourth FloorCosta Mesa, CA 92626-1923United States (USA)

tel: +1 (714) 546 0930


subjects: Apparel Manufacturing & Management: Mary Stephen

Apparel Manufacturing & Management: Mary Stephens

Fashion & ApparelFashion Design: Mary Stephen

Textile Design: B.J. Shelton

Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising – Los Angeles

919 South Grand AvenueLos Angeles, CA 90015-1421United States (USA)

tel: +1 (213) 624 1201 fax: +1 (213) 624 4799


email: info@fidm.edu

subjects: apparel manufacturing management

fashion design,jewelry design

textile design

Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising – San Diego

1010 Second AvenueSan Diego, CA 92101-4903United States (USA)

tel: +1 (619) 235 2049

fax: +1 (619) 232 4322



Textile Design: B J Shelton

Fashion Design: Mary Stephens

Apparel Manufacturing & Management: Mary Stephens

Apparel Manufacturing & Management: Mary Stephens

International Academy of Design & Technology – Sacramento

2450 Del Paso RoadSacramento, CA 95834United States (USA)


email: sacramentoiadt@gmail.com

subjects: fashion design

Los Angeles Trade Technical College

400 W. Washington Blvd.Los Angeles, CA 90015-4181United States (USA)

tel: +1 (213) 744 9471

fax: +1 (213) 748 7334

subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Sharon Tate

Otis College of Art & Design

9045 Lincoln BoulevardLos Angeles, CA 90045United States (USA)

tel: +1 (310) 665 6800

fax: +1 (310) 665 6821


libraries: Otis Library – CA

subjects:Fabric & Textile,Fashion & Apparel.

Jewelry & Metalwork

Point Loma Nazarene University

3900 Lomaland DriveSan Diego, CA 92106-2899United States (USA)

tel: +1 (619) 849 2200

fax: +1 (619) 849 7037


subjects:Fabric & Textile: Kay Wilder

Fashion & Apparel: Kay Wilder

Saddleback College

28000 Marguerite ParkwayMission Viejo, CA 92692-3699United States (USA)

tel: +1 (714) 582 4500

fax: +1 (714) 347 0438


email: lnewell@saddleback.cc.ca.us

Fashion & Apparel: Margaret Gritton

Jewelry & Metalwork: Larry Jones

San Francisco State University

1600 HollowaySan Francisco, CA 94132United States (USA)

tel: +1 (415) 338 2291

fax: +1 (415) 338 7196


email: dars@sfsu.edu

libraries: San Francisco State University Library J. Paul Leonard Library

subjects:Fabric & Textile: Candace Crockett

Fashion & Apparel: Ricardo Gomes

Solano Community College

4000 Suisun Valley RoadSuisun City, CA 94585United States (USA)

tel: +1 (707) 864 7000

fax: +1 (707) 864 0361


subjects:Fashion Design: C. Cerny

The Art Institute of California – San Francisco

1170 Market StreetSan Francisco, CA 94102-4928United States (USA)

tel: +1 (415) 865 0198

fax: +1 (415) 863 6344


email: aicasfadm@aii.edu

subjects:Fashion Design,Fashion Managemen.

Ventura College

4667 Telegraph RoadVentura, CA 93003United States (USA)

tel: +1 (805) 654 6400 fax: +1 (805) 654 6466


email: JCarriger@vcccd.edu

libraries: D.R. Henry Library

subjects:Fabric & Textile: Hiroko Yoshara

Fashion Design: Dorothy Orr.

West Valley College

14000 Fruitvale AvenueSaratoga, CA 95070United States (USA)

tel: +1 (408) 867 2200


subjects:Fashion Design.

West Valley Community College

1400 Fruitvale Ave.Saratoga, CA 95070-5698United States (USA)

tel: +1 (408) 867 2200


subjects: Apparel Design & Production: Beverly E. Ledwith

Woodbury University

7500 Glenoaks Blvd.Burbank, CA 91510United States (USA)

tel: +1 (818) 767 0888

fax: +1 (818) 767 7520


email: ruth.lorenzana@woodbury.edu

libraries: Los Angeles Times Library

subjects:Fashion Design: Louise Coffey-Webb

Colorado Institute of Art

200 E 9th AvenueDenver, CO 80203United States (USA)

tel: +1 (303) 837 0825

fax: +1 (303) 837 0828


subjects:Fabric & Textile: Joan Eichelberger

Fashion & Apparel: Joan Eichelberger

Colorado State University – Fort Collins

Fort Collins, CO 80523United States (USA)

tel: +1 (970) 491 6909

fax: +1 (970) 491 0505


email: admissions@colostate.edu

libraries: Colorado State University Library

subjects:Fashion & Apparel

Textile Design: Philip Risbeck

Metropolitan State College

PO 173362Denver, CO 80217-3362United States (USA)

tel: +1 (303) 556 3060

fax: +1 (303) 556 4094


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: J. Thobias Logan

Jewelry & Metalwork: J. Thomas Logan

University of Bridgeport 800 University

Ave.Bridgeport, CT 06601United States (USA)

tel: +1 (203) 576 4398

fax: +1 (203) 576 4653


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: T. Rigia

University of New Haven

300 Orange Ave.New Haven, CT 06516United States (USA)

tel: +1 (203) 932 7101


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Jerry Zinser

University of Delaware

Newark, DE 19716United States (USA)

tel: +1 (302) 831 8123

fax: +1 (302) 831 8000


email: admissions@udel.edu

Catholic University of America

620 Michigan Ave., NEWashington, DC 20064United States (USA)

tel: +1 (202) 319 5600

fax: +1 (202) 319 4440


email: cua-admissions@cua.edu

subjects:Fashion & Apparel

Art Institute of Fort Lauderdale

1799 SE 17th StreetFort Lauderdale, FL 33316-3000United States (USA)

fax: +1 (954) 728 8637



Design (fashion design): Trude Trudeau-Lopez

Daytona Beach Community College

1200 VolusiaDaytona Beach, FL 32115-2811United States (USA)

tel: +1 (902) 255 8131

fax: +1 (902) 254 3096


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Denis Deegan.

Florida State University – Tallahassee

Tallahassee, FL 32306United States (USA)

tel: +1 (904) 644 6200


Human Sciences (apparel): Gussie Bowen

Human Sciences (textile): Rinn Cloud

International Academy of Design & Technology – Orlando

5959 Lake Ellenor DriveOrlando, FloridaUnited States (USA)


email: orlandoiadt@gmail.com

subjects: fashion design

International Academy of Design & Technology – Tampa

5104 Eisenhower BlvdTampa, FL 33634United States (USA)

tel: +1 (813) 881 0007

fax: +1 (813) 881 0008


email: iadttampa@gmail.com

subjects:Fashion Design

Fashion Marketing

Fashion Merchandising

International Fine Arts College

1737 Bayshore Dr.Miami, FL 33132United States (USA)

tel: +1 (305) 373 4684


subjects: Fashion & Apparel: Maria Rosen

Lynn University

3601 N. Military TrailBoca Raton, FL 33431-5598United States (USA)

tel: +1 (561) 237 7900

fax: +1 (561) 237 7100


subjects:Fabric & Textile: Donn Sullivan

Fashion & Apparel: Donna Sullivan

Miami-Dade County Community College

11011 SW 104th St.Miami, FL 33176United States (USA)

tel: +1 (305) 237 2360

fax: +1 (305) 237 0815


subjects:Fashion & Apparel

Jewelry & Metalwork: Charles Dogos.

Northwood University – Florida

2600 North Military TrailWest Palm Beach, FL 33409-2911United States (USA)

tel: +1 (561) 478 5500


email: fladmit@northwood.edu

subjects:Fashion Marketing & Merchandising

Palm Beach Community College

4200 Congress Ave.Lake Worth, FL 33461United States (USA)

tel: +1 (407) 439 8061


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Johanna Prinz

University of West Florida

1100 University ParkwayPensacola, FL 32514-5750United States (USA)

tel: +1 (904) 474 2045


Fabric & Textile: Stephen Haworth

Fashion & Apparel: William Silhan

Jewelry & Metalwork: Stephen Haworth

American College of Applied Art

3330 Peachtree Road NEAtlanta, GA 30326United States (USA)

tel: +1 (404) 231 9000

fax: +1 (404) 231 1062

subjects:Fashion & Apparel

Bauder Fashion College

384 Northyards Boulevard, NWAtlanta, GA 30313United States (USA)

tel: +1 (404) 237 7573

fax: +1 (404) 237 1619


subjects: Fashion Design

Fashion Merchandising

Brenau University

One Centennial CircleGainesville, GA 30501United States (USA)

tel: +1 (404) 534 6240

fax: +1 (404) 534 6114


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Janet Morley

Georgia Southern University

PO 8024Statesboro, GA 30460-5104United States (USA)

tel: +1 (912) 681 5611

fax: +1 (912) 871 1309


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Diana Cone

Savannah College of Art & Design

342 Bull St., PO 3146Savannah, GA 31402-3146United States (USA)

tel: +1 (912) 238 2400

fax: +1 (912) 238 2428


email: admission@scad.edu

libraries: SCAD Library


Textile Design

Metals & Jewelry

University of Hawai’i – Manoa

2444 Dole StreetHonolulu, HI 96822United States (USA)

tel: +1 (808) 956 8975


email: aana@hawaii.edu

libraries: UH Manoa Library

subjects:Fashion & Apparel

University of Idaho

Moscow, ID 83843United States (USA)

tel: +1 (208) 885 6781

fax: +1 (208) 885 9428


email: lriesenb@uidaho.edu


Fabric & Textile: Jill Dacey

Fashion & Apparel

Columbia College – Chicago

600 S. Michigan Ave.Chicago, IL 60605-1996United States (USA)

tel: +1 (312) 663 1600

fax: +1 (312) 663 1707


email: sbrown@popmail.colum.edu

Fashion & Apparel

Elmhurst College

190 ProspectElmhurst, IL 60126-3296United States (USA)


libraries: A.C. Buehler Library

subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Michael S. Chinn

Harper College

1200 W. Algonquin RoadPalatine, IL 60067United States (USA)

tel: +1 (847) 925 6707

fax: +1 (847) 925 6139


email: admissions@harper.cc.il.us

libraries: Harper College Library

subjects:Fabric & Textile

Fashion Design,Fashion Merchandising

Illinois Institute of Art

Apparel Center, 350 N. Orleans St., #136Chicago, IL 60654-1593United States (USA)

tel: +1 (312) 280 3500

fax: +1 (312) 280 3528


email: hernanle@aii.edu

libraries: Illinois Institute of Art Library

subjects:Fashion Design

Fashion Marketing & Management

Fashion Production.

Illinois Institute of Technology

10 W 35th St.Chicago, IL 60616United States (USA)

tel: +1 (312) 567 3250

fax: +1 (312) 567 5820


email: admissions@iit.edu

subjects:Fashion & Apparel: John

International Academy of Design & Technology – Chicago

One North State Street, Suite 500Chicago, IL 60602United States (USA)


email: chicagoiadt@gmail.com

subjects:Fashion Design

Rosary College

River Forest, IL 60305United States (USA)

tel: +1 (708) 366 2490

fax: +1 (708) 366 5360


subjects: Fashion & Apparel

School of the Art Institute of Chicago

37 South Wabash AvenueChicago, IL 60603-3103United States (USA)

tel: +1 (312) 899 5135

fax: +1 (312) 332 5859


subjects:Fabric & Textile: P. Chambers

Fashion & Apparel

Southeastern Illinois College

3575 College RoadHarrisburg, IL 62946-4925United States (USA)

tel: +1 (618) 252 6376

fax: +1 (618) 252 3062


subjects:Fashion & Apparel

University of Illinois – Champaign-Urbana

408 E. PeabodyChampaign-Urbana, IL 61820United States (USA)

tel: +1 (217) 333 0855

fax: +1 (217) 244 7688


email: jgharper@uiuc.edu

subjects:Fashion & Apparel

University of Illinois – Chicago

601 S. MorganChicago, IL 60607United States (USA)

tel: +1 (312) 996 7000

fax: +1 (312) 413 3393


email: uicadmit@uic.edu

libraries: University of Illinois Library

subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Herbert Ohl

Ball State University

2000 W. University Ave.Muncie, IN 47306United States (USA)

tel: +1 (765) 285 5683

fax: +1 (765) 285 3726


Fashion & Apparel: Kenton Hall

Indiana State University

217 N. Sixth StreetTerre Haute, IN 47809United States (USA)

tel: +1 (812) 237 3697

fax: +1 (812) 237 4369



Fashion & Apparel: Jack Gates

Jewelry & Metalwork

Indiana-Purdue University – Indianapolis

620 Union Drive, #207Indianapolis, IN 46202United States (USA)

tel: +1 (317) 274 7294

fax: +1 (317) 278 2213


email: oia@iupui.edu

Fashion & Apparel: Philip Tennant

Jewelry & Metalwork: Lance Baber

Des Moines Area Community College

2006 South Ankeny Blvd.Ankeny, IA 50021-3993United States (USA)

tel: +1 (515) 964 6200



Fashion Design

Iowa State University

Ames, IA 50011United States (USA)

tel: +1 (515) 294 1440


email: grad_admissions@iastate.edu

subjects:Textiles: Timothy McIlrath.

Kansas State University – Manhattan

211 SeatonManhattan, KS 66506United States (USA)

tel: +1 (785) 532 6011

fax: +1 (785) 532 6722


email: k-state@ksu.edu

subjects:Textile Design

University of Kansas

Lawrence, KS 66045United States (USA)

tel: +1 (785) 864 2700

fax: +1 (785) 864 4404


Fabric & Textile: Cathy Lynn Gasser

Fashion & Apparel

Eastern Kentucky University

Richmond, KY 40475-3101United States (USA)

tel: +1 (606) 622 1629

fax: +1 (606) 622 1020


Fashion & Apparel

Murray State University

One Murray StreetMurray, KY 42071United States (USA)

tel: +1 (502) 762 3784

fax: +1 (502) 762 6335


email: tony.brannon@murraystate.edu


Fabric & Textile: Karenw Boyd

Fashion & Apparel: Paul Sasso

Jewelry & Metalwork

University of Kentucky

113 Funkhouser BvdLexington, KY 40506United States (USA)

tel: +1 (606) 257 7617

fax: +1 (606) 257 3042


email: rpeiter@uky.edu

Louisiana Technical University

PO 3175, Tech StationRuston, LA 71272United States (USA)

tel: +1 (318) 257 3909

fax: +1 (318) 257 4890


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: James C. Lard

University of Southwestern Louisiana

PO 43850Lafayette, LA 70504-3850United States (USA)

tel: +1 (318) 231 6225

fax: +1 (318) 231 5907


Baltimore City Community College

2901 Liberty Heights AvenueBaltimore, MD 21215United States (USA)

tel: +1 (410) 462 8000


subjects: Apparel Design

Apparel Patternmaking

Apparel Technology

Bay State College

122 Commonwealth AvenueBoston, MA 02116United States (USA)

tel: +1 (617) 236 8000

fax: +1 (617) 536 1735


email: admissions@baystate.edu

subjects: Fashion Design

Fashion Merchandising

Berkshire Community College

1350 West StreetPittsfield, MA 01201-5786United States (USA)

tel: +1 (413) 499 4660

fax: +1 (413) 448 2700


subjects:Fabric & Textile

Fashion & Apparel

Bridgewater State College

Bridgewater, MA 02325United States (USA)

tel: +1 (508) 697 1200

fax: +1 (508) 697 1707


email: admission@bridgew.edu

subjects:Fabric & Textile: Joan Hausrath

Fashion & Apparel: B. Broudo

Endicott College

Beverly, MA 01915United States (USA)

tel: +1 (508) 927 0585

fax: +1 (508) 927 0084


subjects:Fabric & Textile: B. Broudo

Fashion & Apparel: S. Sears

Lasell College

1844 Commonwealth Ave.Newton Centre, MA 02166United States (USA)

tel: +1 (617) 243 2225


subjects: Fashion & Apparel

Massachusetts College of Art

621 Huntington Ave.Boston, MA 02115-5882United States (USA)

tel: +1 (617) 232 1555

fax: +1 (617) 739 9744


email: admissions@massart.edu

subjects:Textile Design

Fashion & Apparel.

Mount Ida College

777 Dedham St.Newton Centre, MA 02159United States (USA)

tel: +1 (617) 969 7000


subjects:Fashion & Apparel

New England School of Art & Design

81 Arlington St.Boston, MA 02116United States (USA)

tel: +1 (617) 536 0383

fax: +1 (617) 536 0461


email: nesad1@suffolk.edu

subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Marg Dion

School of Fashion Design

136 NewburyBoston, MA 02116United States (USA)

tel: +1 (617) 536 9343

subjects: Fabric & Textile: Lisa Micheels

Fashion & Apparel

Adrian College

110 South Madison St.Adrian, MI 49221-2575United States (USA)

tel: +1 (517) 265 5161

fax: +1 (517) 264 3331


email: pbenio@adrian.edu

subjects:Fabric & Textile: Pi Benio

Fashion & Apparel: Louise Kleinsmith

Grand Rapids Community College

143 Bostwick Avenue, NEGrand Rapids, MI 49503United States (USA)

tel: +1 (616) 234 4722


subjects:Fashion Merchandising

International Academy of Design & Technology – Detroit

1850 Research DriveTroy, MI 48083United States (USA)


email: academydetroit@gmail.com

subjects: Fashion Design

Michigan State University

East Lansing, MI 48824-1119United States (USA)

tel: +1 (517) 355 8332

fax: +1 (517) 432 3938


email: intladms@msu.edu

subjects:Human Environment (apparel design)

Human Environment (textile design)

Northern Michigan University

Marquette, MI 49855United States (USA)

tel: +1 (906) 227 2194

fax: +1 (906) 227 2276


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: William Leete

Jewelry & Metalwork: Dale Wedig

Northwood University – Michigan

4000 Whiting DriveMidland, MI 48640-2398United States (USA)

tel: +1 (517) 837 4200


email: admissions@northwood.edu

subjects:Fashion Marketing & Merchandising

Wayne State University

Detroit, MI 48202United States (USA)

tel: +1 (313) 577 2980

fax: +1 (313) 577 3491


email: admissions@wayne.edu

Fashion Design & Merchandising : Urban Jupena

Fashion Design & Merchandising : Jane Hooper

Minneapolis College of Art & Design

2501 Stevens Ave. SouthMinneapolis, MN 55404United States (USA)

tel: +1 (612) 874 3736

fax: +1 (612) 874 3732


subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Dean Wilson

University of Minnesota – Minneapolis

231 Pillsbury Drive, SEMinneapolis, MN 55455United States (USA)

tel: +1 (612) 625 2008

fax: +1 (612) 625 7881


email: peter015@tc.umn.edu

subjects:Fashion & Apparel: Dean Wilson

Textile Design

Body Shapes for Women to Become a Model

Body Shapes for Women to to Become a Model

Fashion Model Measurements are important in establishing the type of modelling that your body type would suit. In most cases you can be up to one inch either way of these figures set below.

Fashion model measurements are a guide that you must follow as close as you can of you could end up wasting time that you could better spend in another area of modelling. Of course, these measurements are guidelines only and even if you don’t fit the mould exactly, there could still be a great career as a fashion model awaiting you…

Body Shapes for Women to to Become a Model – Runway Model Measurements

Height 5’9″ – 6″, Bust 32″-36″, Waist 22″-26″, Hips 33″-35″

Catalog Model

Height 5’8″ -5’9″, Bust 32″-34″, Waist 24″-26″, Hips 33″-35″

Body Shapes for Women to to Become a Model – Lingerie Model Measurements

Height 5’7″ – 6′, Bust 32″-35″  C cup,  Waist 22″-26″, Hips 33″-35″

The British Association of Models Suggest that the Female Models Should be around 34-24-34 in (86-61-86cm) and at least 5 ft 8in (1.73m) Tall.

The Ideal Fashion Model Measurements used to be 35.5-23.5-35.5 in (90-60-90cm) which were the alleged measurements of Marilyn Monroe. However, today’s fashion models tend to have measurements closer to the AMA recommended shape, although by no means all models have these exact statistics, and fashion houses may require other sizes for their models.

The Unusually Thin Shape of Fashion Models has been criticized for allegedly warping girls’ body image and encouraging eating disorders.Organizers of a fashion show in Madrid in September 2006 turned away models who were judged to be underweight by medical personnel who were on hand.In February 2007, six months after her sister, Luisel Ramos – also a model – died, Uruguayan model Eliana Ramos became the third international model to die of malnutrition in six months. The second victim was Ana Carolina Reston. Luisel Ramos died of heart failure caused by anorexia nervosa just after stepping off the catwalk.

Body Shapes for men to to Become a Model – Male Model Requirements

The Prefect Male Model Requirements are :

  • A Height of 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m) to 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
  • A Waist of 26 – 33 in (66.04 – 83.82 cm)
  • A Chest Measurement of 32 – 40 in (81.28 – 101.60 cm)

Textile, Apparel, Fashion, Beauty, Jewelry, Leather and Footwear

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