Shea Butter Benefits, Recipes Overview

Shea Butter Benefits

Shea Butter Benefits includes in cosmetics as a moisturizer, salve or lotion. It is a slightly yellowish or ivory-colored fat extracted from the nut of the African shea tree. Shea butter is a triglyceride (fat) derived mainly from stearic acid and oleic acid.

Shea Butter Benefits – Shea butter is edible and is used in food preparation in Africa and also as a prophylactic. Shea Butter Benefits includes in chocolate industry uses shea butter mixed with other oils as a substitute for cocoa butter, although the taste is noticeably different.

Shea Butter Benefits – Shea butter is mainly used in the cosmetics industry for skin and hair related products (lip gloss, skin moisturizer creams and emulsions, and hair conditioners for dry and brittle hair).

Shea Butter Benefits – It is also used by soap makers, typically in small amounts (5-7% of the oils in the recipe), because of its property of leaving a small amount of oil in the soap.

Shea Butter Benefits – In some African countries such as Benin, shea butter is used for cooking oil, as a waterproofing wax, for hairdressing, for candle-making, and also as an ingredient in medicinal ointments.

Shea Butter Benefits – It is also used by makers of traditional African percussion instruments to increase the durability of wood (such as carved djembe shells), dried calabash gourds, and leather tuning straps.

Purslane Nutrition, Health Benefits, Uses, Selection, Storage, Facts, Information

Purslane Nutrition, Health Benefits of Purslane, Purslane Facts, Purslane Information

Soft, succulent Purslane or Pusley has more omega-3 fatty acids than some of fish oils. If you are a vegetarian and want to avoid all forms of animal products, then here is the answer! Go for this healthy dark green leafy vegetable and soon you will forget fish!

Botanically, this herbaceous leafy vegetable belongs to the family of Portulacaceae and scientifically known as Portulaca oleracea.

Other common names for this green vegetable are pusley, pigweed or verdolaga.Purslane is native to Indian sub-continenet and now widely distributed across the world especially as a wild weed. There exist different varieties of pusley with variatio in leaf size, thickness and leaf arrangement and pigments distribution. It is actually hard herb plant requires comparatively less water and soil nutrients and grow well in sunny conditions. The plantreaches about 12-15 cm in height.

Pusley is widely grown in many Asian and European regions as staple leafy vegetable. Its leaves appear thick, contain mucilaginous substance and have a slightly sour and salty taste. Leaves and tender stems have slightly sour and salty taste. Its stems, leaves and flower buds are also edible.

Purslane seeds, appear like black tea powder, and often used to make some herbal drinks.

Health Benefits of Purslane

This wonderful green leafy vegetable is very low in calories (just 16 kcal/100g) and fats; but is rich in dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals.

Fresh leaves contain surprisingly more Omega-3 fatty acids (α-linolenic acid) than any other leafy vegetable plant. 100 grams of fresh purslane leaves provides about 350 mg of α-linolenic acid. Research studies shows that consumption of foods rich in ω-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, stroke and also help prevent development of ADHD, autism, and other developmental differences in children.

It is an excellent source of Vitamin A, (1320 IU/100 g, provides 44% of RDA) one of the highest among green leafy vegetables. Vitamin A is a known powerful natural antioxidant and is essential for vision. This vitamin is also required to maintain healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of natural vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin A known to help to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.

Purslane is also a rich source of vitamin C, and some B-complex vitamins like riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine and carotenoids, as well as dietary minerals, such as iron, magnesium, calcium, potassium and manganese.

Purslane Selection and Storage

In the store, buy fresh and healthy looking purslane; look carefully for mold, yellow or dark spots as they indicate inferior quality. Go for organic product whenever feasible.

Wash fresh leaves and stem in clean cold running water in order to remove any soil and insecticid/fungicide residues. After removing from water, mop it with soft cloth to remove any moisture in them before storing in the refrigerator.

pusley can be kept in the refrigerator for about 3-4 days but should be eaten while the leaves are fresh and not wilted.

Here are some Serving Tips

Fresh, raw leaves can be used as salad and as vegetable juice.

It has also being used in soup and curry preparations in many mouth watering purslane recipes in South Indian states.

Stew fried and mixed with other greens such as spinach and vegetables are favorite dishes among Asians.

Staghorn Coral Facts and Stag Horn Corals Info

Staghorn Coral

The Staghorn Coral is a branching, stony coral with cylindrical branches ranging from a few centimetres to over two metres in length and height. It occurs in back reef and fore reef environments from 0 to 30 m (0 to 98 ft) depth. The upper limit is defined by wave forces, and the lower limit is controlled by suspended sediments and light availability.

Staghorn Coral exhibits the fastest growth of all known western Atlantic fringe corals, with branches increasing in length by 10–20 cm (3.9–7.9 in) per year. This has been one of the three most important Caribbean corals in terms of its contribution to reef growth and fishery habitat.

Staghorn coral is found throughout the Florida Keys, the Bahamas, the Caribbean islands and the Great Barrier Reef. It occurs in the western Gulf of Mexico, but is absent from U.S. waters in the Gulf of Mexico, as well as Bermuda and the west coast of South America.

The dominant mode of reproduction for staghorn coral is asexual, with new colonies forming when branches break off a colony and reattach to the substrate. This life history trait allows rapid population recovery from physical disturbances such as storms. However, Staghorn Coral makes recovery from disease or bleaching episodes (where entire colonies or even entire stands are killed) very difficult.

Sexual reproduction of Staghorn Coral is via broadcast spawning of gametes into the water column once each year in August or September. Individual colonies are both male and female (simultaneous hermaphrodites) and will release millions of gametes. The coral larvae (planula) live in the plankton for several days until finding a suitable area to settle. Unfortunately, very few larvae survive to settle and metamorphose into new colonies. The preponderance of asexual reproduction in Staghorn Coral raises the possibility that genetic diversity in the remnant populations may be very low. These uncertainties as to recruitment/recovery potential and genetic status are the bases for increased demographic concerns for this species.

Since 1980, Staghorn Coral populations have collapsed throughout their range from disease outbreaks, with losses compounded locally by hurricanes, increased predation, bleaching, and other factors. It is also particularly susceptible to damage from sedimentation and sensitive to temperature and salinity variation. Populations have declined by up to 98% throughout the range, and localized extirpations have occurred

Facial Benefits, Facial Aesthetics and Beauty

Facial Benefits

Facial Benefits – Skin is the largest organ, performing several functions, including protecting from invasion by foreign substances and serving as the transfer point for the release of toxins from bodies. Facials are deep skin Facial Treatment that cleanse, rehydrate and rejuvenate the skin, apart from minimizing skin blemishes, acne, dry skin and, of course, wrinkles. Facials vary depending on skin type, the kind of treatment chosen, the products used and the person’s age. However, it is advisable to start having Facial Treatment in late 20′s.

Facial Benefits – The skin provides an honest mirror of inner health and well-being. It is thus especially important to use only natural, gentle ingredients on skin Facial Treatment whenever possible. Application to the skin of fresh, natural products such as essential oils, plant waters (also called hydrosols) and cold pressed unscented oils helps maintain a youthful, glowing complexion.

Facial Benefits – Essential oils and hydrosols are the fragrant liquids that are distilled from different plant parts, such as flower petals; herbs leaves and tree barks, and are fundamental components of any solid, natural skin care regime. Cold pressed unscented oils are extracted from various fruits, nuts and seeds, and include olive oil, sweet almond oil, avocado oil and jojoba oil. Used in tandem, essential oils, hydrosols and cold pressed unscented oils work together to soothe and nourish the skin, encouraging a healthful, radiant complexion.

Facial Benefits – Facials involve a cleansing procedure, a massage and steam, and the application of a face mask. What they help to do is remove the dead, dull outer layer of cells that make up the skin’s surface or epidermis along with pollutants. Facial Benefits include blood circulation, which in turn aids lymphatic drainage (the removal of toxins and waste from the body). Facial Benefits include relaxing the facial muscles and is very important to delay the onset of wrinkles.

Facial Benefits – The face is steamed during a facial for two main reasons. Firstly, Facial Benefits helps the skin absorb cream better. Facial Benefits helps in softening blackheads and whiteheads so that they can be removed easily. The application of a face mask in the end helps tone and clarifies the skin. Face masks are also used to treat dry and acne-ridden skin.

Underbust Corset Overview, Information and Uses

Underbust Corset

An underbust corset begins just under the breasts and extends down to the hips. Some corsets extend over the hips and, in very rare instances, reach the knees .

Underbust corset focus on the waist. These ones can bring in your waist by four or five inches when laced tightly, and they’ll also shape and carefully redistribute so you get a classic hourglass silhouette. Every corset is steel boned and constructed with heavy duty busk closures and strong lacing. They’re lined for comfort and made by corsetry experts.

Steel boned underbust corset can be added to an existing outfit if you feel that it hasn’t got enough flair to match your personality, or if you feel it’s not quite as flattering as it could be.

Underbust corset are more about the waist and less about creating lift and cleavage. The real steel boning reshapes and supports but they are easier to sit or bend down in and cooler on a hot Australian summer night, and you can also wear them with a wider variety of outfits.

You can pair a steel boned underbust corset with almost any top. They are stunning with a loose, flowing blouse and increasingly popular with business suits. If you’re bored of the same old office skirt and jacket ensemble, try spicing it up with one of our more subtle designs. It’ll give you a sharp silhouette and may also have a positive impact on your posture.

Raw Food Diet, Raw Food Diet Benefits, Raw Food Diet Recipes, Raw Food Diet Menu Plan, How to Prepare Raw Foods

Raw Foodism | Raw Food Diet | Raw Food Diets | Raw Food Diet Benefits

The raw food diet is based on the belief that the most healthful food for the body is uncooked. Although most food is eaten raw, heating food is acceptable as long as the temperature stays below 104 to 118 degrees Fahrenheit (the cutoff temperature varies among those in the raw food community).

Cooking is thought to denature the enzymes naturally present in food. According to raw foodists, enyzymes are the life force of a food, helping us to digest food and absorb nutrients. If we overconsume cooked food, our bodies are forced to work harder by producing more enzymes. Over time, a lack of enzymes from food is thought to lead to digestive problems, nutrient deficiency, accelerated aging, and weight gain.

Cooking food can diminish its nutritional value. For example, the cancer-fighting compounds in broccoli, sulforaphanes, are greatly reduced when broccoli is cooked. Certain vitamins, such as vitamin C and folate, are destroyed by heat. Other foods, however, become more healthful after cooking, because the fibrous portion is broken down. For example, cooked tomatoes contain three to four times more lycopene than raw tomatoes.

Cooking also promotes the formation of potentially harmful compounds in food during high heat cooking, such as advanced glycation end products and heterocyclic amines.

Raw Food Diet Plan | Raw Food Diet Recipes | Raw Food Diet Menu

There are different ways that people follow a raw food diet. Most people who follow a raw food diet are vegan. Some consume raw animal products, such as raw milk, cheese made from raw milk, sashimi, ceviche (raw fish), or carpaccio (raw meat). Some people eat only raw foods, while others include cooked food for variety and convenience. The percentage of raw food is usually 70 percent or more of the diet.

How to Prepare Raw Foods

Soaking and Sprouting

Raw beans, legumes, nuts, and seeds contain enzyme inhibitors that are normally destroyed with cooking. The nutrients can be released by soaking them (germination) or sprouting them.

Germination involves soaking in water for a specific amount of time. Although the recommended germination times vary from 2 hours (for cashews) up to one day (for mung beans), some raw foodists say that soaking overnight is sufficient and more convenient. It’s important to start with dried, raw, preferably organic seeds, beans, legumes, or nuts.

Rinse beans, nuts, legumes, or seeds and place in a glass container. Add room temperature purified water to cover and soak at room temperature overnight. Mung beans, however, require a full 24 hours. Rinse a couple of times prior to use.


After germination, seeds, beans, and legumes can be sprouted. After they are drained during the final step of the germination process, place them in a container for sprouting. Leave them at room temperature for the recommended time. The seed, bean, or legume will open and a sprout will grow from it. Rinse the sprouted nuts or seeds and drain well. They can be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 5 days.


Foods can be heated, never above 118 F, using a piece of equipment called a dehydrator to simulate sundrying. They are enclosed containers with heating elements to warm at low temperatures. A fan inside the dehydrator blows the warm air across the food, which is spread out on trays. Dehydrators can be used to make raisins, sundried tomatoes, kale chips, crackers, breads, croutons, and fruit leathers.


Foods can be blended or chopped using a food processor or blender, to make recipes for smoothies, pesto, soup, hummus.

Jersey Fabric, Cloth, Material, Jersey Clothing

Jersey Fabric

Jersey fabric is a knit fabric used predominantly for clothing manufacture. It was originally made of wool, but is now made of wool, cotton, and synthetic fibers. It can be a very stretchy single knitting, usually light-weight, jersey fabric with one flat side and one piled side. When made with a light weight yarn, this is the fabric most often used to make T-shirts. Jersey fabric can be a double knitted jersey (interlock jersey), with less stretch, that creates a heavier fabric of two single jerseys knitted together to leave the two flat sides on the outsides of the fabric, with the piles in the middle. It is considered to be an excellent fabric for draped garments, such as dresses, and women’s tops.

The following types of Jersey fabric can be distinguished:

Single Cotton Jersey fabric – weight: 140 g / m²
Double Cotton
Interlock Cotton
Jacquard Cotton
Clocque Cotton

Jersey Fabric can be washed in warm water with like colors, and tumble dried on a medium setting. The fabric can stretch up to 25% percent along its grain. When cutting and sewing jersey fabric, it is recommended that the material be washed first, to eliminate issues related to shrinkage later in the process.

What is Osteoporosis Overview

What is Osteoporosis

What is Osteoporosis – Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density which can lead to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis, the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone are altered. Osteoporosis is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a bone mineral density of 2.5 standard deviations or more below the mean peak bone mass (average of young, healthy adults) as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.

What is Osteoporosis – The form of osteoporosis most common in women after menopause is referred to as primary type 1 or postmenopausal osteoporosis. Primary type 2 osteoporosis or senile osteoporosis occurs after age 75 and is seen in both females and males at a ratio of 2:1. Secondary osteoporosis may arise at any age and affect men and women equally. This form results from chronic predisposing medical problems or disease, or prolonged use of medications such as glucocorticoids, when the disease is called steroid- or glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.

What is Osteoporosis – The risk of osteoporosis fractures can be reduced with lifestyle changes and in those with previous osteoporosis related fractures medications. Lifestyle change includes diet, exercise, and preventing falls. The utility of calcium and vitamin D is questionable in most. Bisphosphonates are useful in those with previous fractures from osteoporosis but are of minimal benefit in those who have osteoporosis but no previous fractures. Osteoporosis is a component of the frailty syndrome.

What is Osteoporosis – Symptoms

Osteoporosis itself has no symptoms; its main consequence is the increased risk of bone fractures. Osteoporotic fractures occur in situations where healthy people would not normally break a bone; they are therefore regarded as fragility fractures. Typical fragility fractures occur in the vertebral column, rib, hip and wrist.

What is Osteoporosis – Risk Factors

Risk factors for osteoporotic fracture can be split between nonmodifiable and (potentially) modifiable. In addition, osteoporosis is a recognized complication in specific diseases and disorders. Medication use is theoretically modifiable, although in many cases, the use of medication that increases osteoporosis risk may be unavoidable. Caffeine is not a risk factor for osteoporosis

What is Osteoporosis – Diagnosis

The diagnosis of osteoporosis can be made using conventional radiography and by measuring the bone mineral density (BMD). The most popular method of measuring BMD is dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. In addition to the detection of abnormal BMD, the diagnosis of osteoporosis requires investigations into potentially modifiable underlying causes; this may be done with blood tests. Depending on the likelihood of an underlying problem, investigations for cancer with metastasis to the bone, multiple myeloma, Cushing’s disease and other above-mentioned causes may be performed.

What is Osteoporosis – Treatment

Certain drugs like alendronate, etidronate, risedronate, raloxifene and strontium ranelate can be helpful for the primary prevention of osteoporotic fragility fractures in postmenopausal women.

Functional Food Overview and Information

Functional Food

A Functional Food is a food given an additional function by adding new ingredients or more of existing ingredients. The general category of functional foods includes processed food or foods fortified with health-promoting additives, like vitamin-enriched products. Products considered functional generally do not include products where fortification has been done to meet government regulations and the change is not recorded on the label as a significant addition (invisible fortification). An example of this type of fortification would be the historic addition of iodine to table salt, or Vitamin D to milk, done to resolve public health problems such as rickets. Fermented foods with live cultures are considered functional foods with probiotic benefits.

Functional food ia part of the continuum of products that individuals may consume to increase their health and/or contribute to reducing their disease burden. Functional Food is a Natural or processed food that contains known biologically-active compounds which when in defined quantitative and qualitative amounts provides a clinically proven and documented health benefit, and thus, an important source in the prevention, management and treatment of chronic diseases of the modern age.

Functional food is an emerging field in food science due to their increasing popularity with health-conscious consumers and the ability of marketers to create new interest in existing products.

Platinum Jewelry, History, How to Buy, Cleaning

Platinum Jewelry
History of Platinum Jewelry

Although platinum may seem new, it is also legendary. The ancient Egyptians and South American Incas prized it. France’s Louis XVI proclaimed it the only metal fit for royalty.

Legendary jewelers such as Cartier, Faberge and Tiffany created their timeless designs in platinum. The world’s famous diamonds, including the Hope, Jonker I and Koh-I-Noor, are secured by the permanence of platinum.

Platinum reached its peak of popularity in the early 1900′s when it was the preferred metal for all fine jewelry in America. When World War II began, the U.S. government declared platinum a strategic metal and its use in non-military applications, including jewelry, was disallowed. To appease consumers who preferred platinum’s white luster, white gold was substituted in platinum’s absence.

Today, platinum again charms and enchants a new generation of consumers.
Platinum is Strong

It is the heaviest of the precious metals, weighing almost twice as much as karat gold. Its strength ideally secures diamonds and other precious gems. Even after many years, platinum will not wear away or wear down.
Platinum is pure

In America, platinum jewelry contains either 90% or 95% pure platinum. By comparison, 18K gold is 75% pure and 14 karat is 57% pure gold. Only platinum will never tarnish or lose its rich white luster. Because platinum is so pure, it is hypoallergenic.
Platinum is Rare

Ten tons of ore must be mined to produce a single ounce of platinum. It takes five months to process platinum ore into pure platinum. Only after this time can skilled hands work their creativity and craftsmanship, transforming platinum into pieces of wearable art.
How to Buy Platinum Jewelry | Cleaning Platinum Jewelry

Platinum jewelry made in America contains either 90% or 95% pure platinum. Platinum jewelry marked IRIDPLAT contains 90% platinum and 10% iridium. When marked PLAT an item is at least 95% platinum, with 5% ruthenium.

Whether you are choosing a ring, pin, bracelet, necklace or bridal jewelry, you will find new and sophisticated platinum designs.

Platinum jewelry should be cleaned the same way you clean other fine jewelry. Use a pre-packaged jewelry cleaner or have it professionally cleaned by your jeweler. As with all precious jewelry, store with care, not allowing pieces to touch or scratch each other.

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