Lapel Overview, Notched Lapel, Shawl Lapel


Lapel is the folded flaps of cloth on the front of a jacket or coat, and are most commonly found on formal clothing and suit jackets. Usually they are formed by folding over the front edges of the jacket or coat and sewing them to the collar, an extra piece of fabric around the back of the neck.

Notched lapel

It is sewn to the collar at an angle, creating a step effect. This is the standard on single breasted suits, and is used on nearly all suit jackets, blazers, and sports jackets. The size of the notch can vary, and a small notch is called fishmouth. This was the first type of lapel to appear.

Peaked lapel

It is the most formal, featuring on double-breasted jackets, all formal coats such as a tailcoat or morning coat, and also commonly with a dinner jacket (both single and double breasted).

Shawl lapel

It is a continuous curve. Originally seen on the Victorian smoking jacket, it is now most common on the dinner jacket (tuxedo).


Lapel has a buttonhole on the left, which is intended to hold a boutonniere, a decorative flower. These are now only commonly seen at more formal events. To hold the flower properly, a loop is fixed to the back of the lapel. For symmetry, double breasted suits often have a button hole on each lapel. A lapel pin is also sometimes worn.

The width of the lapel is a widely varying aspect of suits, and has changed widely over the years. Some designers maintain however that most stylish lapel width does not change, and that the lapel should extend to just a fraction less than the halfway mark between the collar and shoulder line.

Viscose Fabric, Material and Viscose Rayon


While there are many variations in the manufacturing process of Viscose that exploit the versatility of the fiber, the following is a description of the procedure that is used in making regular or viscose rayon.

Regardless of whether wood pulp or cotton linters are used, the basic raw material for making Viscose rayon must be processed in order to extract and purify the cellulose. The resulting sheets of white, purified cellulose are then treated to form regenerated cellulose filaments. In turn, these filaments are spun into yarns and eventually made into the desired fabric.

The viscose process of manufacturing viscose rayon consists of the following steps mentioned, in the order that they are carried out: (1) Steeping, (2) Pressing, (3) Shredding, (4) Aging, (5) Xanthation, (6) Dissolving, (7)Ripening, (8) Filtering, (9) Degassing, (10) Spinning, (11) Drawing, (12) Washing, (13) Cutting. The various steps involved in the process of manufacturing viscose are explained below.

Viscose Manufacturing – Steeping

Cellulose pulp is immersed in 17-20% aqueous sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at a temperature in the range of 18
to 25°C in order to swell the cellulose fibers and to convert cellulose to alkali cellulose.

Viscose Manufacturing – Pressing

The swollen alkali cellulose mass is pressed to a wet weight equivalent of 2.5 to 3.0 times the original pulp weight to obtain an accurate ratio of alkali to cellulose.

Viscose Manufacturing – Shredding

The pressed alkali cellulose is shredded mechanically to yield finely divided, fluffy particles called crumbs. This step provides increased surface area of the alkali cellulose, thereby increasing its ability to react in the steps that follow.

Viscose Manufacturing – Aging

The alkali cellulose is aged under controlled conditions of time and temperature (between 18 and 30° C) in order to de-polymerize the cellulose to the desired degree of polymerization. In this step the average molecular weight of the original pulp is reduced by a factor of two to three. Reduction of the cellulose is done to get a viscose solution of right viscosity and cellulose concentration.

Viscose Manufacturing – Xanthation

In this step the aged alkali cellulose crumbs are placed in vats and are allowed to react with carbon disulphide under controlled temperature (20 to 30°C) to form cellulose xanthate.

Side reactions that occur along with the conversion of alkali cellulose to cellulose xanthate are responsible for the orange color of the xanthate crumb and also the resulting viscose solution. The orange cellulose xanthate crumb is dissolved in dilute sodium hydroxide at 15 to 20 °C under high-shear mixing conditions to obtain a viscous orange colored solution called viscose, which is the basis for the manufacturing process. The viscose solution is then filtered (to get out the insoluble fiber material) and is deaerated.

Viscose Manufacturing – Dissolving

The yellow crumb is dissolved in aqueous caustic solution. The large xanthate substituents on the cellulose force the chains apart, reducing the interchain hydrogen bonds and allowing water molecules to solvate and separate the chains, leading to solution of the otherwise insoluble cellulose. Because of the blocks of un-xanthated cellulose in the crystalline regions, the yellow crumb is not completely soluble at this stage. Because the cellulose xanthate solution (or more accurately, suspension) has a very high viscosity, it has been termed viscose.

Viscose Manufacturing – Ripening

The viscose is allowed to stand for a period of time to ripen. Two important process occur during ripening: Redistribution and loss of xanthate groups. The reversible xanthation reaction allows some of the xanthate groups to revert to cellulosic hydroxyls and free CS2. This free CS2 can then escape or react with other hydroxyl on other portions of the cellulose chain. In this way, the ordered, or crystalline, regions are gradually broken down and more complete solution is achieved. The CS2 that is lost reduces the solubility of the cellulose and facilitates regeneration of the cellulose after it is formed into a filament.

Viscose Manufacturing – Filtering

The viscose is filtered to remove undissolved materials that might disrupt the spinning process or cause defects in the rayon filament.

Viscose Manufacturing – Degassing

Bubbles of air entrapped in the viscose must be removed prior to extrusion or they would cause voids, or weak spots, in the fine rayon filaments.

Viscose Manufacturing – Spinning – (Wet Spinning)

Production of Viscose Rayon Filament: The viscose solution is metered through a spinnerette into a spin bath containing sulphuric acid (necessary to acidify the sodium cellulose xanthate), sodium sulphate (necessary to impart a high salt content to the bath which is useful in rapid coagulation of viscose), and zinc sulphate (exchange with sodium xanthate to form zinc xanthate, to cross link the cellulose molecules).

Once the cellulose xanthate is neutralized and acidified, rapid coagulation of the rayon filaments occurs which is followed by simultaneous stretching and decomposition of cellulose xanthate to regenerated cellulose. Stretching and decomposition are vital for getting the desired tenacity and other properties of rayon. Slow regeneration of cellulose and stretching of rayon will lead to greater areas of crystallinity within the fiber, as is done with high-tenacity rayons.

The dilute sulphuric acid decomposes the xanthate and regenerates cellulose by the process of wet spinning. The outer portion of the xanthate is decomposed in the acid bath, forming a cellulose skin on the fiber. Sodium and zinc sulphates control the rate of decomposition (of cellulose xanthate to cellulose) and fiber formation.

Elongation-at-break is seen to decrease with an increase in the degree of crystallinity and orientation of rayon.

Viscose Manufacturing – Drawing

The rayon filaments are stretched while the cellulose chains are still relatively mobile. This causes the chains to stretch out and orient along the fiber axis. As the chains become more parallel, interchain hydrogen bonds form, giving the filaments the properties necessary for use as textile fibers.

Viscose Manufacturing – Washing

The freshly regenerated rayon contains many salts and other water soluble impurities which need to be removed. Several different washing techniques may be used.

Viscose Manufacturing – Cutting

If the rayon is to be used as staple (i.e., discreet lengths of fiber), the group of filaments (termed tow) is passed through a rotary cutter to provide a fiber which can be processed in much the same way as cotton.

Nail Styles – Party Nails, Natural Nails

Nail Styles

Nail Styles – Nails for Interview

Keep the nails clean, simple and short for attending interview . Use neutral shades.

Party Nails

Arrive dark and dramatic: Plum Fairy, Midnight Metal Cabernet, or Classic Red.

Natural Nails

Pink Snow, Clear Ice, or any other shade that is trendy, young and attractive.

Short Nails

Metallics are all the rage this year, and spring is a great season to sport a trendy new look. For the best impact, keep your nails trimmed relatively short and show off a splashy metallic look. Silvers, greens, blues and blacks. Greens are especially hot this year, so apply a pretty green hue to get in on the latest color craze.

Pastel Nails

It`s likely that pastel colors will never go out of style. Find a shimmery lilac or lavender, a dainty pink, peach or rose, or try other pale pastel shades. For an extra creative touch, apply an iridescent, glossy, pearly or glittery topcoat. Or, for a modern twist, introduce a delicate white on your tips and enjoy a unique new French manicure.

Traditional Nails

For a no-fail look no matter what your personal style or wardrobe options, consider a standby pink or red. Softer pinks and reds seem to be making a strong appearance on nails, blending nicely with all skin tones, nail shapes and clothing color choices.

Red Nails or Pink Nails

These colors tend to be classics in the world of lips and fingertips, so even if you can`t find a trendy look for your nails, you can stay in style with a tried-and-true color scheme. To get a little daring, gradually tone down your colors until you are moving from fire engine red and lollypop pink to paler shades of carnation, brick and maybe even peach.

Beauty Schools in Malaysia

Beauty Schools in Malaysia

Enya School of Beauty

Contact us

Imbi Branch Lot-132,

2 nd Floor, Jalan Imbi,

55100 Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia.

Tel: 603 2144 7860

Fax : 603 2144 7861



Beauty Academy Malaysia

Contact : 03-80758333

Address :3rd floor,

Jalan Cheng Lock,

Kota Raya Complex,

50000 KL

Malaysia’s Queen sets up beauty school

Malaysia’s Queen Tengku Anis Tengku Abdul Hamid has set up a cosmetic salon to train underprivileged women as beauticians.

Clara International Beauty Group

91-2 Jalan Sultan Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 201 1222

Crimpers Hairdressing School Sdn.Bhd

24 Jalan Telawi Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 284 5892

D’ Esthetique Centre Sdn.Bhd

125 Jalan SS15/5A Petaling Jaya

Tel: (603) 734 8572

Domeilee Beauty Academy

Plaza Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 242 1224

Domailee Beauty Treatment Specialists Centre

Komplekleks Kotaraya Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 238 3432

Institut Persolekan London

Plaza Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 242 3375

Japcos Institut Of Beauty Centre

29 Jalan Cheng Lock Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 230 0676

Natural Beauty Skin Therapist

43 Jalan Sul Isamail Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 248 7928

Pusat Latihan & Persolekan FairluCentre

23 Lebuh Pudu Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 2323017

Silver River Beauty Acedemy

Bangunan Pak Peng Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 238 2472

Tham Choong Chan

Plaza Kuala Lumpur.

Tel: (603) 241 1207

The Point Training Beauty Centre

Wisma Hangsam Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 201 4745

Thomas & Guys Saloon & Hair Styling School

118 Jalan Bukit Bintang Kuala Lumpur

Tel: (603) 242 4888

Top To Toe Beauty Therapy & Cosmetology Sdn.Bhd

61-5-A Jalan SS2/75 Petaling Jaya

Tel: (603) 774 1205

Rib Knit Fabric, Ribbed Knit Uses and How to Knit Ribbing

Rib Knit Fabric

Rib Knit Fabric is perfect for creating stylish t-shirts, tops, cardigans, children’s clothing, lounge wear.

It is a garment produced using a style of knitting pattern which yields a distinct vertically ridged pattern known as ribbing. There are a number of advantages over a straight stockinette stitch which make the rib knit a popular choice for everything from socks to sweaters. The rib knit fabric combines two basic stitches, the knit and the purl, and is very easy to make. Many knitters learn the rib stitch early on in their crafting careers as a result, and many garment manufacturers integrate it for visual variation and sturdiness.

When a rib knit is created, it is made by alternating strips of stockinette stitch and reverse stockinette. A stockinette stitch is a classic knitted stitch, which resembles a small pattern of Vs running through a garment. If you are wearing a knit garment right now, you can probably look down and see an example of stockinette stitch. Reverse stockinette is exactly what it sounds like. Many knitters call stockinette the right or knit side, and reverse stockinette the wrong or purl side.

To produce a flat swatch of stockinette stitch, a knitter knits on one row and purls on the next, knitting on what will become the right side and purling on the wrong side. The end result is a sturdy, durable knit, but it has a tendency to curl at the edges. This can be especially annoying with scarves, which may slowly become almost tubular over time. Therefore, many people prefer a rib knit fabric, which does not curl.

Leather&Footwear Buying Houses in Mauritius

Leather&Footwear Buying Houses in Mauritius

IVY Leathers Limited

Contact Person:Mr Tariq Malik

Address:IVY HouseRoyal Road

City:Fond Du Sac

Country : Mauritius

Phone:+230-266 9560

Stocksurplus Ltd

Contact Person:Wasseem Ramdas

Address:287 Pagoda

City:Roche Noir

Country : Mauritius

Phone:230–916 9025

Asbestos Fiber Overview, Asbestos Fibers Uses

Asbestos Fiber

Asbestos fiber can be molded or woven into various fabrics. Because it is nonflammable and a poor heat conductor, Asbestos fiber has been widely used to make fireproof products such as safety clothing for fire fighters and insulation products such as hot-water piping.

Asbestos Fiber Manufacturing

Asbestos is of two principal classes, the amphiboles and the serpentines, the former of relatively minor importance. Chrysotile, in the serpentine class, constitutes most of the world supply of asbestos. Countries that have produced it include Russia, Kazakhstan, China, Brazil, and Canada.

Asbestos is obtainable by various underground mining methods, but the most common method is open-pit mining. Only about 6 percent of the mined ore contains usable fibers.

The Asbestos fiber is separated from the ore by crushing, air suction, and vibrating screens, and in the process are sorted into different lengths, or grades. The most widely used method of grading, the Qubec Standard Test Method, divides the Asbestos fiber into seven groups, the longest in group one and the shortest, called milled asbestos, in group seven. The length of the fibers, as well as the chemical composition of the ore, determines the kind of product that can be made from the asbestos. The longer fibers have been used in fabrics, commonly with cotton or rayon, and the shorter ones for molded goods, such as pipes and gaskets.

Asbestos Fiber Uses

Asbestos fiber has been used in building-construction materials, textiles, missile and jet parts, asphalt and caulking compounds and paints, and in friction products such as brake linings.

Leather&Footwear Buying Houses in Thailand

Leather&Footwear Buying Houses in Thailand

Bayok Creation

Contact Person:Jean Yves Liebermann

Address:88/6 Moo3 T. SakhuA.Thalang


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-81-956 0571

S-Design Trading Company Limited

Contact Person:

Address:1388/8 Soi. Phaholyothin 32, Chandrasem Chatuchak,


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-2-930 6340-6, 939 1861-2

Fax:+66-2-939 1860-1

Stanbee Asia

Contact Person:Mr. Bill Goodger

Address:Amata Nakorn Industrial EstateTambol BankaoAmphur Panthong


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-0-3846 5621-5

Jaspal Company Limited

Contact Person:

Address:1054 Soi Sukhumvit,66/1 Sukhumvit Road,



Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-2-399 086-90, 399 1095

Fax:+66-2-361 4840

S.E. Bangkok Company Limited

Contact Person:Jean Jacques Scheidler

Address:358/36 Moo 12,Khowprathumnuk Road,Nongbree



Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-8-4326 6552

Wonder Child (Thailand) Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Vikram Narula

Address:48/1616-1619 Mooban-DK, Moo-7 Bangbon,Thanon Bangkhunthian,



Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-2-415 1520-689

Fax:+66-2-415 1554

S & R Footwear Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Prawit Summamit, Ms. Sunisa

Address:North LiabklonPasrijaroen Road


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-2-444 0761/0066-081-8342327

Fax:+66-2-444 2969

Exotic Wallets

Contact Person:Mr.Worawit

Address:57 Ramkhamhaeng 67 Rd.Huamark BankapiBangkapi

City:Krung Thep

Country : Thailand


Fax:66-2-318 2386

Chotima Moda

Contact Person:Phudthipat Kanachalearnsit

Address:147/1 Soi Phahonyotin 34Phahonyotin RoadSenanikom


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-2-579 7842

Fax:+66-2-941 8617

T. C. S. Tannery Company Limited

Contact Person:Ms. Piriya

Address:1519 M.1 Sukhumvit Rd,KM.30 Taiban,Muang,


Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-703 8041-2

Fax:66-2-703 8040

W J C Tannery Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Peter Wu

Address:201 M.1 Sukhumvit Rd,KM.30 Taiban, Muang,


Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-389 1244-5

Fax:66-2-389 1262

Chin Tee Hua Tannery Company Limited

Contact Person:Ms. Kendo

Address:A88, M-6, Putharuxa Road,T. Praksa, A. Muang, Samutprakarn,


Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-703 9000

Fax:66-2-703 8288

Wattana Leather Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Yothin

Address:213, Charoenrad Road,Klong Sarn,


Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-438 5591

Fax:66-2-439 2966

Shiam Leather Goods

Contact Person:Mr. Chitramadhu

Address:32 Surawong Road


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-2-233 4721

A & L Planning Development Part Limited

Contact Person:Ms. Kingfah Trisunant

Address:379/10-12, Udomsuk 30,Sukhumvit 103,Bangna,


Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-361 1741-4

Fax:66-2-361 1740

G.E. Leather Goods Limited

Contact Person:Ms. Ling Chong

Address:No. 4, Petkasem,


Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-466 2825

Fax:66-2-891 8719

Tengda International Trade Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Ismail Moosa

Address:382-386 Vanich 1 Rd. Balanna Plaza, No. A105 / A106 / B102 Chakkrawat Samphanthawong


Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-6228752 , 66865162256



Contact Person:Mr. Supawat Sattaphol

Address:215 / 2-3 Moo 6 Suksawad Rd,



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2464-1859 , 66816458550


Texkox International Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Ismail Moosa

Address:382-386 Vanich 1 Rd. Balanna Plaza, No. A105 / A106 / B102 Chakkrawat Samphanthawong



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-6228752 , 66865162256


Sino-South Enterprise (Jiangmen) Limited

Contact Person:Ms. Charinrat S.

Address:24 / 4-5 Donmeang



Country : Thailand

Phone:668-1208-8953 , 668-1208-8953



Contact Person:Mr. muhammad adil

Address:222 / 411 Baiyoke-2 Floor No. 3 Rajpraroop Road Phayathai Rajthevee



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-02-2534553 , 877021323


Lianlida Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Jorn Torgersen

Address:Via Albalonga 40



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-076-384115 , 66817645179


Bualaitong Thai Cotton Limited

Contact Person:Ms. Kornphat Wongrat

Address:253 Moo5, Marang Pasang


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-83-477 0887, 897-554 510

Fax:+66-53-556 546

Smile Saddlery Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Pasit Sriviriyanont

Address:888/3 M.9 Prachautis-Koohsang Rd., T.Naiklongbangplakod A.Phrasaumtjadee



Country : Thailand


Kizwa-OK Company Limited

Contact Person:Mrs. Kitty Stor

Address:99/208 Somphong Condotel,Moo 4 T. Na Jomtien,


Country : Thailand

Phone:66-38-238 394

Fax:+66-38-238 312

Earth Tone International Company Limited

Contact Person:Ms. Katsarapron Konkeaw

Address:202/9, Moo 1, 700 Year-stadium Rd.,Changpueak Muang,


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-53-414 170-192

Fax:+66-53-210 018

Quanzhou Hongda Company

Contact Person:Ms. Waranthorn Namala

Address:639 Moo 6 Sukhumvit Rd., (km.34),




Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-7476340 , 66-81-4216600

Fax:66-2-7477668, 7477676

Novel Garment Company Limited

Contact Person:Ms. Warin Jirasathit

Address:12/15 Moo 9,Petchkasem Road,Bang Duan Phasi Charoen,


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-2-413 4223, 454 2665

Fax:+66-2-455 7217

Changshu Textiles Import & Export Company Limited

Contact Person:Ms. karapon gutaru




Country : Thailand

Phone:0066-02-458965 ,


bei jing trust trading company

Contact Person:Ms. Raveeploy Petjiravut

Address: 109 / 436 Moo11 Teparak Rd



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-7525515 / 3231461 , 668 18121611


Fancy Garment (Thailand) Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Wallop Wittanakom

Address:109/31-37, Moo 8,Soi Ekachai 56,Ekachai Rd., Bangbon,


Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-416 7728

Fax:+66-2-415 7388

Richa International

Contact Person:Mr. Nattawut nantasen

Address:48 Moo1 Ontai



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-53-341531 ,


Ningbo Delta Marketing Limited

Contact Person:Ms. karapon gutaru




Country : Thailand

Phone:0066-02-458965 ,



Contact Person:Ms. Waranthorn Namala

Address:639 Moo 6 Sukhumvit Rd., (km.34), Bangpoomai



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-7476340 , 66-81-4216600

Fax:66-2-7477668, 7477676

Chaoxing Leather and Plastic Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Jorn Torgersen

Address:Via Albalonga 40



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-076-384115 , 66817645179


Putian Anderson Footwear Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. prawit Summamit

Address:North Liabklonpasrijaroen Rd.



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-4440761 , 818342327


Wenzhou Zhengyi Machinery Manufacturing Company Limited

Contact Person:Ms. Nanlika Thanasannont

Address:629/4 Sathupradit Rd. Soi 49, Yannawa



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-02-6823255-7 , 66 01-6322508


pieles y viras el pony

Contact Person:Mr. Sommart Wattanaruk

Address:70 / 6 Moo 6, Ekachai78, Ekachai Rd. , Bangbon



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-02-4151541 , 660898111151



Contact Person:Mr. S Mack

Address:Kilo 10 Moo 1



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-38-722262 ,


BST Group (Tianjin) Company Limited

Contact Person:Mr. steven pansukij

Address:222 / 208 Baiyok Sky Tower First Floor Rachaprarob Rd. , Prayathai Rachatavi District



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-6563443 , 6637044754


Ningbo Genork Int. Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Pisut Punjasiri

Address:New Road



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-2891329 , 66891206205


Leison Medical & Healthcare products Company Limited

Contact Person:Ms. karapon gutaru



Country : Thailand

Phone:0066-02-458965 ,



Contact Person:Mr. Bolton Davies

Address:41 / 1 Soi Sathianrasut Phahon Yothin 32 Rd Senanikom



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-9417239 , 66890323733


Nanjing No. 5302 Garments and Outfit Factory

Contact Person:Mr. Sommart Wattanaruk

Address:70 / 6 Moo 6, Ekachai78, Ekachai Rd. , Bangbon



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-02-4151541 , 660898111151


Shiam Leather Goods

Contact Person:Bina Bindiya

Address:32 Surawong Rd.


Country : Thailand

Phone:+62-2-233 4721

Fax:+62-2-236 7784

Thaitopleather Company Limited

Contact Person:Seksan Charanja

Address:195/187 Moo 5, Soi Mungkorn-Nakdee , Theparak Rd, Praeksa,



Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-334 2641

Fax:66-2-334 2641

Miyuki Snow

Contact Person:Ms. Cynthia Tan

Address:Thonglor Soi 55,Shop No 28,


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-8-6773 5470/0867735470

Fax:+66-8-6773 5470

Tietex Asia Limited

Contact Person:Kasame Maneesakorn

Address:Laem Chabang Industrial Estate 208 Moo 3,Toong Sukhla ,Sriracha District



Country : Thailand



Saha-Union Public Company Limited (SUC)

Contact Person:Pooja Nagpal

Address:205 Moo4 Sukhumvit Road (Km. 39.5) Bangpoo Mai, Muang District,


Country : Thailand

Phone:66-2-323 1085

Fax:66-2-323 9216

Janavacrafts Limited

Contact Person:Mr. Pattanan Kwansungnoen

Address:58/39 Moo 3, longnoenKroksomboonSri Maha Phot

City:Sri Maha Phot


Country : Thailand

Phone:+66-9-600 8594, 3-414 260

Fax:+66-3-741 4260

Clothing History and History of Clothing Info

Clothing History

Clothing History – The Iron Age is broadly identified as stretching from the end of the Bronze Age around 1200 BC to 500 AD and the beginning of the Medieval period. Bodies and clothing have been found from this period, preserved by the anaerobic and acidic conditions of peat bogs in northwestern Europe. A Danish recreation of clothing found with such bodies indicates woven wool dresses, tunics and skirts

Clothing History – European dress changed gradually in the years 400 to 1100. People in many countries dressed differently depending on whether they identified with the old Romanian population, or the new invading populations such as Franks, Anglo-Saxons, and Visigoths.

Clothing History – Clothing in 12th and 13th century Europe remained very simple for both men and women, and quite uniform across the subcontinent. The traditional combination of short tunic with hose for working-class men and long tunic with over gown for women and upper class men remained the norm.

Clothing History – Silk-weaving was well established around the Mediterranean by the beginning of the 15th century, and figured silks, often silk velvets with silver-gilt wefts, are increasingly seen in Italian dress and in the dress of the wealthy throughout Europe.

Clothing History – By the turn of the 17th century, a sharp distinction could be seen between the sober fashions favored by Protestants in England and the Netherlands, which still showed heavy Spanish influence, and the light, revealing fashions of the French and Italian courts.

Clothing History – During the eighteenth century, distinction was made between full dress worn at Court and for formal occasions, and undress or everyday, daytime clothes. As the decades progressed, fewer and fewer occasions called for full dress which had all but disappeared by the end of the century.

Clothing History – Full dress followed the styles of the French court, where rich silks and elaborate embroidery reigned. Men continued to wear the coat, waistcoat and breeches for both full dress and undress; these were now sometimes made of the same fabric and trim, signalling the birth of the three-piece suit.

Sewing machines emerged in the 19th century streamlining clothing production.

Clothing History – In the early 20th century workers in the clothing and textile industries became unionised. Later in the 20th century, the industry had expanded to such a degree that such educational institutions as UC Davis established a Division of Textiles and Clothing, The University of Nebraska-Lincoln also created a Department of Textiles, Clothing and Design that offers a Masters of Arts in Textile History, and Iowa State University established a Department of Textiles and Clothing that features a History of costume collection, 1865–1948. Even high school libraries have collections on the history of clothing and textiles.

Corrected Grain Leather Overview and Uses

Corrected Grain Leather

In Corrected Grain Leather the grain layer, which is buffed or sanded to minimize imperfections. An artificial grain is also applied to it to give a uniform look. This leather is fuzzy on one side and smooth on the other. The smooth side is the one where the hair and natural gain used to be corrected.

Corrected Grain Leather is usually pigmented to cover the sanding. The resulting surface is little stiffer than pure aniline leather, but it softens with use. The leather offers the sturdiest finish and is often sold at a comparatively lower price than uncorrected leathers.

Corrected grain leather has a coated finish that creates a very uniform feel with a strong protective coating. It has a fairly soft finish but it is not a luxurious as higher grades and is the favoured type of leather in well known furniture stores. It is a good choice for those who want a good hard wearing leather that can be wiped clean at a very keen price.

Characteristics of Corrected Grain Leather

  • It has a uniform look.
  • It is fuzzy and smooth on alternate sides.
  • It is heavily painted.
  • It is stiff.
  • It becomes soft with use.

Uses of Corrected Grain Leather

  • Boot leather
  • Furniture leather
  • Garment leather

Textile, Apparel, Fashion, Beauty, Jewelry, Leather and Footwear

Are You a Professional | Business Owner | Designer | Student | Enthusiastic or Looking for Information on Textiles, Apparel, Fashion, Beauty, Jewelery, Leather and Footwear.. Your Search ENDS Here. Here is a DEDICATED Website for YOU

Access 9 Portals which Assists You in Your Career and Business With Free Registration on all the Portals.

Why and How Will I Be Benefited

Welcome to A Multi Portal Website with 9 Portals Specialized Only on Textiles, Apparel, Fashion, Beauty, Jewelery, Leather and Footwear for Classifieds, Jobs, Question and Answers, Blogs, Designs, Portfolios, Books | Magazines, Business and Colleges.

Applications List and Features on

You Can Post Your Ads on Our Classifieds Portal


You Can Register Free as an Employee and Submit Your Resumes or You Can Register Free and an Employer and List Your Job Openings on Our Jobs Portal


You Can Ask Questions and Answer Questions on our Q & A Portal


You Can Post Blogs on Your Interesting Topic and Make the World Recognize Talent on Our Blog Portal


You Can Upload Your Personal Designs on Our Design Portal


You Can Create Your Portfolio With Skills You are Blessed With on Our Portfolio Portal


You Can List Your Favorite Books on Our Books and Magazines Portal


You Can List Your Business Details on Our Business Portal


You Can List Your College Details on Our College Portal


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