Gold Production and Where Can You Find Gold

Gold Production

Gold production is most economical in large, easily mined deposits. Ore grades as little as 0.5 mg/kg (0.5 parts per million, ppm) can be economical. Typical ore grades in open-pit mines are 15 mg/kg (15 ppm); ore grades in underground or hard rock mines are usually at least 3 mg/kg (3 ppm).

Since the 1880s, South Africa has been the source for a large proportion of the world’s gold supply, with about 50% of all Gold production come from South Africa. Gold Production in 1970 accounted for 79% of the world supply, producing about 1,480 tonnes. 2008 production was 2,260 tonnes. In 2007 China (with 276 tonnes) overtook South Africa in world’s largest production, the first time since 1905 that South Africa has not been the largest.

Other major Gold Production countries are the United States, Australia, Russia and Peru. Mines in South Dakota and Nevada produce two-thirds of Gold production. In South America, the controversial project Pascua Lama aims at exploitation of rich fields in the high mountains of Atacama Desert, at the border between Chile and Argentina. Today about one-quarter of the world Gold production is estimated to originate from artisanal or small scale mining.

After initial gold production, gold is often subsequently refined industrially by the Wohlwill process which is based on electrolysis or by the Miller process, that is chlorination in the melt. The Wohlwill process results in higher purity, but is more complex and is only applied in small-scale installations. Other methods of assaying and purifying smaller amounts of gold include parting and inquartation as well as cupellation, or refining methods based on the dissolution of gold in aqua regia.

At the end of 2009, it was estimated that all the production totaled 165,000 tonnes. This can be represented by a cube with an edge length of about 20.28 meters. The value of this is very limited at $1,200 per ounce, 165,000 tons of gold would have a value of only $6.6 trillion.

The average gold production costs were about US$317/oz in 2007, but these can vary widely depending on mining type and ore quality. global mine gold production amounted to 2,471.1 tonnes.

One estimate is that 85% of all the Gold is still available in the world’s easily recoverable stocks, with 15% having been lost, or used in non-recyclable industrial uses.

Ketogenic Diet, Ketogenic Diet Plan, Ketogenic Diet Menu, Ketogenic Diet Recipes

Ketogenic Diet

What is Ketogenic Diet | Ketogenic Diet Definition

Ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children. The diet mimics aspects of starvation by forcing the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates. Normally, the carbohydrates contained in food are converted into glucose, which is then transported around the body and is particularly important in fuelling brain function. However, if there is very little carbohydrate in the diet, the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies. The ketone bodies pass into the brain and replace glucose as an energy source. An elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood, a state known as ketosis, leads to a reduction in the frequency of epileptic seizures.

Ketogenic Diet Plan

The original therapeutic diet for pediatric epilepsy provides just enough protein for body growth and repair, and sufficient calories to maintain the correct weight for age and height. This classic ketogenic diet contains a 4:1 ratio by weight of fat to combined protein and carbohydrate. This is achieved by excluding high-carbohydrate foods such as starchy fruits and vegetables, bread, pasta, grains and sugar, while increasing the consumption of foods high in fat such as cream and butter.

Most dietary fat is made of molecules called long-chain triglycerides (LCTs). However, medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) made from fatty acids with shorter carbon chains than LCTs are more ketogenic. A variant of the classic diet known as the MCT ketogenic diet uses a form of coconut oil, which is rich in MCTs, to provide around half the calories. As less overall fat is needed in this variant of the diet, a greater proportion of carbohydrate and protein can be consumed, allowing a greater variety of food choices.

The diet is effective in half of the patients who try it, and very effective in one third of patients.In 2008, a randomised controlled trial showed a clear benefit for treating refractory epilepsy in children with the ketogenic diet.A treatment of 6 to 24 months duration frequently results in a 90% decrease or elimination of seizures.

There is some evidence that adults with epilepsy may benefit from the diet, and that a less strict regime, such as a modified Atkins diet, is similarly effective.As of 2008, research in this area is regarded as having provided insufficient positive data to warrant clinical use. Clinical trials and studies in animal models suggest that ketogenic diets provide neuroprotective and disease-modifying benefits for a number of adult neurodegenerative disorders.

Ketogenic Diet Menu | Ketogenic Diet Plan Menu | Ketogenic Diet Recipes

Ketogenic diet is not a balanced diet and only contains tiny portions of fresh fruit and vegetables, fortified cereals and calcium-rich foods. In particular, the B vitamins, calcium and vitamin D must be artificially supplemented. This is achieved by taking two sugar-free supplements designed for the patient’s age: a multivitamin with minerals, and calcium with vitamin D.A typical day of food for a child on a 4:1 ratio, 1,500 kcal (6,300 kJ) ketogenic diet comprises:

Breakfast: egg with bacon

28 g egg, 11 g bacon, 37 g of 36% heavy whipping cream, 23 g butter and 9 g apple.
Snack: peanut butter ball
6 g peanut butter and 9 g butter.

Lunch: tuna salad
28 g tuna fish, 30 g mayonnaise, 10 g celery, 36 g of 36% heavy whipping cream and 15 g lettuce.

Snack: keto yogurt

18 g of 36% heavy whipping cream, 17 g sour cream, 4 g strawberries and artificial sweetener.

Dinner: cheeseburger (no bun)

22 g minced (ground) beef, 10 g American cheese, 26 g butter, 38 g cream, 10 g lettuce and 11 g green beans.

Snack: keto custard

25 g of 36% heavy whipping cream, 9 g egg and pure vanilla flavouring.

Sapphire Stone, Meaning, Birthstone and Color

Sapphire Stone

It was believed that Sapphire Stone would protect the wearer from envy and attract divine favor. Legend has it that if a poisonous snake were put into a vessel along with a sapphire, the rays from the gem would kill it. Our ancestors interpreted this to mean that Sapphire Stone was an antidote against poison.

At one time any blue gem material was called sapphire. The finest sapphire color is rich, velvety cornflower blue. This is called `kashmir` out of deference to the traditional source of the finest quality. Today, however, the Kashmir area of India is not generally mined because of its physical inaccessibility. Most current production of Sapphire Stone comes from Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Montana, Australia and Africa.

Sapphire Stone Color

Sapphire Stone is found in a variety of colors. The reddish Sapphire color is called ruby. People generally think of sapphire color as blue, although they are also colorless, pink, orange, green, golden, yellow, purple and black. Sapphire stone is the birthstone of the month of September. Red Sapphire Stone is known as ruby, and pinkish orange sapphire as padparadscha as well. Corundum, which is sapphire`s mineral name, occurs in red Sapphire Color, but this is known as ruby. A particularly lovely pinkish-orange Sapphire Color is referred to as `padparadscha`, which is taken from the Sinhalese for `lotus-colored.` Although Sapphire Stone is found in many colors, these are not all commercially available at any given time. Some are so rare they are collector`s items.

Sapphire stone is always heat treated to produce, intensify or lighten color and improves color uniformity and appearance. Heat treatment of sapphires is performed at the sapphire mines, and is an industry-wide accepted practice.

Fine, needle-like inclusions are the things that give Sapphire Stone their velvety quality. These inclusions are often numerous enough to make the stone translucent or opaque and are oriented properly. At that time they allow light to be reflected in such a way that a star floats across the top of the stone with movement. When a cutter recognizes this potential in a piece of rough sapphire, he will cut it in a dome shape. Stars are not visible in faceted stones. Some persons believed the star Sapphire Stone would protect them against witchcraft. The three intersecting rays were thought to represent faith, hope and destiny.

Sapphire in its many colors is fashioned into timeless pieces that compliment many styles. It is either faceted or cabochon i.e. dome-shape for use in rings, pendants, earrings and pins. Sapphire stone may be linked between expanses of chain for wrist or neck wear. Sapphires are set into the simplest of designs as well as the most elegant of pieces.

Since subtle differences in Sapphire Stone quality can make large differences in beauty and also price, it is important to select the jewelry from a professional who can guide honestly and ethically in purchase.

Bleaching Hair, Best Hair Bleach, How to Bleach Your Hair Info

Bleaching Hair, Best Hair Bleach, How to Bleach Your Hair

Bleaching Hair, Best Hair Bleach, How to Bleach Your Hair

Hair Falling Out after Bleaching Hair is a burning problem of today’s youngsters which is increasing in an alarming rate. Bleaching hair has become a fashion. People are crazy about to give their hair a new look with various colors. However the majority of them are not aware of the aftereffects of those colors. Most of the hair bleaches available in the market are made with strong chemicals and thus harmful to the scalp and hair. Thus always go for the branded products though they are a little bit costlier for Bleaching Hair. Also you have to follow a regular hair care regime to keep your hair problem free.

Best Hair Bleach

Hair bleach like other bleaches work on your hair. All hair bleaches are the oxidizing agents. Due to these bleaches melanin of your hair becomes oxidized and colorless. Instead of melanin some other compounds of your hair are also oxidized due to a chemical reaction. In this reaction, Thiol groups in your hair are damaged. Thiol groups are mostly damaged by the peroxides and most of the hair bleaches contain hydrogen peroxide. Often a bleached hair becomes dry and brittle. Thus a bleached care needs extra care and protection for Best Hair Bleach.

Sometimes you use cheap hair bleaches for Bleaching hair which are very much harmful for your hair. Many of us also dont know the actual bleaching procedure which is another reason of hair fall. Thus to know the actual procedure is very important to you. If you want to go to a beauty parlor for bleaching your hair then always choose a reputed salon as they might know the actual procedure and use reputed products for Best Hair Bleach.

If you are desperate to go for a hair bleach then must go for a reputed branded product. They will be less harmful to you. Also knowing the proper usage is very important. A number of international hair bleaches are available with the user guide in the market and you can pick up any of them. Some of the popular hair bleaches for Best Hair Bleach are as follows:

L’Oreal Quick Blue Bleach
Roux Violites Dust-free Violet based Bleach
Clairol Powder Bleach

How to Bleach Your Hair

If you want to bleach your hair at home you have to maintain certain things. When going for the bleaching always follow the following suggestions to prevent hair loss and other harms:

How to Bleach Your Hair include using reputed brands always for hair bleach.

How to Bleach Your Hair include Reading the user guide carefully before going for a bleach.

Dont leave the bleach on your hair for a long time or apply in an excessive quantity.

How to Bleach Your Hair include that an allergy test must be done before applying the product.

If you have any irritations or other skin or hair problem, consult your doctor.

A Regular hair care is need after bleaching hair. As bleached hair faces many problems including hair fall and thus you must take care of your hair properly. Always use a mild herbal shampoo for your hair. Shampooing three days a week is essential for your hair. Dont forget to apply a conditioner after shampooing your hair. Massaging with hot olive or coconut oil is also must for your hair.

Topaz Birthstone Month and Topaz Birthstones Info

Topaz Birthstone

Topaz Birthstone is For those who were born in the month of November. The Traditional Metaphysical Properties of it are strength, releasing tension and balancing emotions. The healing properties of the November birthstone are reputed to be effective for health problems relating to sanity, asthma, gout, blood disorders, tuberculosis and insomnia. It is also used to enhance spiritual rejuvenation and feelings of happiness.

Topaz Birthstone is considered to be the birthstone for Scorpio and relate to those born between November 23 – December 21. It is the one of the hardest minerals in nature and it’s large crystal formations exceed most other crystals in size, resulting in big beautiful specimens for cutting into pendants and rings.

Topaz Birthstone was thought to prevent colds and other diseases, strengthen breathing, control angry passions, enhance creativity, increase understanding, bring relaxation, restore energy, and help in tissue regeneration.

Topaz Birthstone can be delicate and requires special care to avoid breaking under rough wear. Look for jewelry with mountings that protect the topaz, so that it’s less likely to break if dropped or hit. Earrings, pins, bangle bracelets and pendants are safer for daily wear than rings or flexible bracelets. Warm, soapy water is the best way to clean topaz jewelry.

Negative Calorie Diet, Negative Calorie Food Diet, Negative Calorie Fruits, Negative Calorie Vegetables

Negative Calorie Diet | Negative Calorie Food Diet

What is Negative Calorie Diet

Negative Calorie Food Diet means that the number of calories your body has to expend to chew, digest, metabolize and eliminate the food is more than it gains from the food itself. A classic example of a negative calorie food would be celery, which is made primarily of water and cellulose (fiber that your body can’t digest), and non-caloric vitamins and minerals.

Negative Calorie Food | Negative Calorie Fruits | Negative Calorie Vegetables

Different versions of this diet allow different specific foods, but they are all generally fibrous vegetables and fruits such as: asparagus, lettuce, broccoli, green cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, apples, blueberries, cantaloupes, and cranberries. The diets claim that you can eat all you want of these selected fruits and vegetables and still achieve drastic weight loss.

Negative Calorie Diet Plan | Negative Calorie Diet Weight Loss

The negative calorie diet claims that weight loss of up to two pounds daily is achievable. Even if this were true, weight loss this drastic would never be recommended to anyone who is not under the strict supervision of a physician. A generally accepted rate for healthy, sustainable weight loss is considerably slower – 1 to 1.5 pounds per week. Any success that a person would have while following the negative calorie diet would be due to drastically reduced calorie intake. Also, depending on the version of the negative calorie diet that you read about, it should be noted that a diet consisting only of fibrous fruits and vegetables is not healthy over an extended period of time, as it will not include enough protein or essential fats.

Eating the amount of fruits and vegetables recommended by the U.S. National Institute of Health 5 servings a day for women, 9 for men could cause weight loss in and of itself. Fruits and vegetables are good food choices because they contain large amounts of water and fiber, along with important vitamins and minerals. The large volume of non-caloric water and fiber in these foods can make you physically fullit physically pushes out on your stomach, which will often end hunger pangs.

Immune Boosting Diet Foods, Foods and Vitamins for your Immune System

Immune Boosting Diet | Immune Boosting Foods

The immune Boosting Diet or Immune Boosting Foods protects us from various diseases by identifying and destroying viruses, bacteria, tumor cells, etc. Most experts believe that adequately feeding your immune system can boost its fighting powers.
Foods for your Immune System | Vitamins for your Immune System
Vitamin C

Sources: bell pepper, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, fruit juices, lemon juice, mustard greens, oranges, papaya, strawberries

Foods with vitamin C increase the production of infection-fighting white blood cells and increase levels of interferon, the antibody that coats cell surfaces preventing the entry of viruses.
Vitamin E

Sources: almonds, broccoli, chard, mustard greens, olives, papaya, sunflower seeds, turnip greens

Vitamin E stimulates the production of natural killer cells (cells that seek out and destroy germs and cancer cells). Vitamin E enhances the production of B-cells, the immune cells that produce antibodies that destroy bacteria. Vitamin E may also reverse some of the decline in immune response commonly seen in aging.

The carotenoid vegetables are those which are yellow, orange, or red in color and contain carotenes, such as beta-carotene. Beta carotene increases the number of infection-fighting cells. Beta carotene is only one member of a large family. Researchers believe that it is not just beta carotene that produces all these good effects, but all the carotenoids working together. This is why getting carotenoids in food may be more cancer-protective than taking beta carotene supplements. You should eat at least five servings of fruit and vegetables each day.
Vitamin B12
Sources: beef, halibut, lamb, milk, salmon, scallops, shrimp, snapper
Vitamin B12 is central to immune processes because, without adequate B12, white blood cells can’t mature and multiply. Folic acid also plays a key role in immune system development and maintenance.
Thiamine (B1)

Sources: asparagus, cereals, pork, sunflower seeds, tuna
Riboflavin (B2)

Sources: asparagus, calf’s liver, cereals, cranberries, mushrooms, romaine lettuce
Niacin (B3)

Sources: asparagus, chicken breast, cranberries, halibut, mushrooms, pork, salmon, tomato, tuna
Pyridoxine (B6)

Sources: bell peppers, cauliflower, cranberries, mustard greens, tuna, turnips

Sources: asparagus, beets, broccoli, calf’s liver, lentils, parsley, romaine lettuce, spinach, turnip greens
Sources: oysters, mushrooms, meat, legumes

This valuable mineral increases the production and effectiveness of white blood cells that fight infection. Zinc also increases killer cells that fight against cancer and it helps white cells release more antibodies. Zinc also increases the number of infection-fighting T-cells, especially in elderly people, who are often deficient in zinc and whose immune system often weakens with age. The anti-infection hype around zinc is controversial. While some studies claim that zinc supplements in the form of lozenges can lower the incidence and severity of infections, other studies have failed to show this correlation. A word of caution: too much zinc (more than 75 milligrams a day) in the form of supplements can inhibit immune function.

Sources: brewer’s yeast, oysters, liver, onions, whole grains, bran cereals, tomatoes, potatoes
Many people do not get enough chromium in their diet due to food processing methods that remove the naturally occurring chromium in commonly consumed foods. Recent research in animal models shows that chromium can enhance the ability of white blood cells to respond to infection.

Sources: Brazil nuts, brown rice, cottage cheese, chicken (white meat), egg yolks, garlic, halibut, lobster, mushrooms, pork, salmon, shrimp, snapper, sunflower seeds, tuna, whole grains

This mineral increases natural killer cells and mobilizes cancer-fighting cells.

Ways to Get Healthy Skin, How to Get, How to Have, Know Your Skin Type

Ways to get Healthy Skin | How to Get Healthy Skin | How to Have Healthy Skin

You can do your skin no better favor that not using makeup at all. However, there are only a chosen few in this world who can walk out of their home without any makeup on and be able to pull it off as well. The expression called “flawless skin” remains the matter of fairytales for most of us. No matter how hard you try, you are always battling with zits, freckles, wrinkles. And the list keeps on piling up! So, is it possible to get healthy skin at all? Although healthy skin mostly remains the matter of genes, you can still manage to alter your skin to some an extent. In fact, getting glowing and radiant skin is not too difficult, if you follow certain steps correctly. Go ahead and know how to get healthy skin
Know Your Skin Type | What is my Skin Type

The most important thing is to know your skin type, as to whether you have oily, dry or normal skin. Although it’s mostly genes that decides the type of skin you have, poor nutrition, stress level and pollution also have a say. So, know the basic questions first and take the further steps accordingly.
Exercise Is The Key

Though this phrase is clichéd phrase, its meaning is not. In fact, exercising is one of the most effective ways to get healthy skin. Regular exercising helps keep radiance and elasticity in the skin. It’s not necessary that you enlist in a gym. Regular walking, swimming and dancing are more than effective too.
How to Use Sunscreen

Make it a daily ritual to apply sunscreen, not only on face, but on all the exposed parts of your body. Buy a suitable, high protection sunscreen lotion and apply it twenty minutes before you step outside.
Healthy Eating Habits

It goes without saying, “you are what you eat”. So, try to have a balanced diet. Combine carbohydrates, proteins and vitamins and steer clear of excess fats and carbohydrates. Although the effect may not reflect overnight, over time you would definitely feel the difference in your skin.
Antioxidant Rich Foods

Antioxidants slow the aging process and prevent wrinkle formation as well as many other skin imperfections. They also improve the immune system, which keeps you fit. Fruits like blueberry, blackberry, strawberry, grapes and apricots, walnuts, oats and barley are high in antioxidants.
Cleanse Tone Moisturize

Removing make up is much more important than putting it on. Therefore, it is important that you follow a daily regime of cleansing, toning and moisturizing your skin every night, before going to bed. It gives the skin the essential time to recuperate.
Take Vitamin Supplements

Sometimes, even with right intention, we are not able to incorporate a rich diet in our daily routine. In that case, vitamin supplements can help us a lot. There are a number of vitamin supplements available in the market. Consult your physician before making them a part of your diet.
How to Protect Yourself From the Sun

Sunrays can be very harmful for our skin. So, always use an umbrella or scarf, to cover yourself when outside. You can also wear full-sleeve clothes, if you have to be in sun for too long.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids Supplements

Salmon, mackerel and tuna are some of the foods rich in omega-3 fatty acid. Incorporate them in your diet and see the magic it does to your skin. If you are a vegetarian, you can include milk and cheese in your diet, which are also a good source of omega-3 fatty acids.
Drink Lots Of Water

Last but not the least, drink water! Drinking plenty of water will help flush the toxins out of your body and give you glowing skin. Generally, eight glass of water is recommended in a day, though you can increase it as well. If you intake liquids in other forms as well, all the more better!

Characteristics of Cotton

Characteristics of Cotton

Cotton is a natural fibre of vegetable origin, like linen, jute or hemp. Mostly composed of cellulose (a carbohydrate plant substance) and formed by twisted, ribbon-like shaped fibres, cotton is the fruit of a shrubby plant commonly referred to as the “cotton plant”. The cotton plant, a variety of plants of the genus Gossypium, belongs to the Malvacae family, which comprises approximately 1,500 species, also including the baobab tree, the bombax or the mallow.

The plant, growing up to 10 metres high in the wild, has been domesticated to range between 1 to 2 metres under commercial cultivation in order to facilitate picking. Either herbaceous or ligneous, it thrives in dry tropical and subtropical areas. Whereas by nature the plant is a perennial tree (lasting about 10 years), under extensive cultivation it is mostly grown as an annual shrub. The cotton flower has five large petals (showy, white, white-creamy, or even rose in colour), which soon fall off, leaving capsules, or “cotton bolls”, having a thick and rigid external layer. The capsule bursts open upon maturity, revealing the seeds and masses of white/creamy and downy fibres.

Cotton fibres of the Gossypium hirsutum species range from about 2 to 3 centimetres in length, whereas Gossypium barbadense cotton produces long-staple fibres up to 5 centimetres length. Their surface is finely indented, and they become kinked together and interlocked. The cotton plant is almost exclusively cultivated for its oleaginous seeds and for the seminal fibres growing from them (i.e. cotton, strictly speaking). In ordinary usage, the term “cotton” also makes reference to fibres that are made into fabric wires suitable for use in the textile industry.

Although the cotton plant is native to tropical countries, cotton production is not limited to the tropics. Indeed, the emergence of new varieties, as well as advances in cultivation techniques led to the exapansion of its culture within an area straddling from approximately 47 degrees North latitude (Ukraine) to 32 degrees South (Australia). Although cotton is widely planted in both hemispheres, it remains a sun-loving plant highly vulnerable to freezing temperatures. Cotton is crucially important to several developing countries. Out of the 65 cotton-producing countries in 2007/08, 52 were developing countries, 21 of which were indexed by the United Nations among the least developed countries (LDCs).

Cotton is of utmost importance to developing countries, particularly in West and Central Africa, where around 10 million people depend on the sector for their revenues. Besides being a major natural fibre crop, cotton also provides edible oil and seed by-products for livestock food. Cottonseed oil is a vegetable oil ranking fifth in world use among edible oils (accounting for about 4% of world consumption of vegetable oil). The cottonseed meal is usually used as roughage in the diet of cattle for its high proteinic and energetic value.

On about fifty species of cotton plants within the world only four are domestically cultivated for their fibres. The most commonly cultivated species of cotton in the world include Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense (also referred to as “New World” species). Gossypium hirsutum originated in Mexico. It is the most important agricultural cotton, accounting for more than 90% of world fibre production. Gossypium barbadense, of Peruvian origin, accounts for about 5% of world fibre. It includes cotton fibres of the highest quality, such as the Jumel variety (from the Barbados), among the finest cotton in terms of quality and fibre length.

Two additional cultivated species are Gossypium arboreum (which originated in the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent) and Gossypium herbaceum (from southern Africa), which are also called “Old World” or “Asiatic cottons”. These two varieties of cotton with short staple-length fibre have no commercial value per se (only 5% of world production alltogether). However, several varieties that are grown on a commercial scale botanically derive therefrom.

Damask Clothing Pattern, Pink and Black Damasks

Damask Clothing

Damask Clothing is a firm and glossy Jacquard patterned fabric made from silk, linen, cotton, rayon, or blends. It is reversible and is characterized by the combination of satin and sateen weave. The figures or the designs are in weft and the background is in warp satin weaves. It has high luster and is very durable. Damask Clothing sheds dirt and launders well. Damask Fabric is similar to brocade, but is flatter.

Both, the single damask as well as the double damasks is used. In the single damask fabric , one warp thread goes over four and under one weft thread while weaving. In the double damask fabric, one warp thread goes over seven or even more, and under one weft thread. The warp thread is finer than the weft to give a closer and stronger fabric. Double damask fabric weave gives a more clear design.

Damask Clothing History

The word Damask has been derived from the word ‘Damascus’. In the 13th century, Marco Polo imported this fabric from China to the Western world. Then Damascus was the center for trade of fabrics between the East and the West. This Damask Clothing is believed to be one of the first elegant fabrics of the Renaissance. They used it as vestments. In Rome, damask was imported by the Crusaders from Damascus.

Damask Clothing Properties

  • has figures or patterns.
  • is lustrous.
  • is durable.
  • is reversible.
  • is firm and glossy.
  • launders better. It sheds dirt.

Types of Damask Clothing

  • Cotton
  • Silk
  • Linen

Damask Clothing Uses

  • used as Tablecloths
  • used as Napkins
  • used as Draperies

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