Belgium Diet and Nutrition Colleges

Belgium Diet and Nutrition Colleges

Ghent University

Ghent University, abbreviated to UGent, is one of the major universities in the Dutch-speaking region of Europe. It distinguishes itself as a socially committed and pluralistic university in a broad international perspective.

Ghent University

Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 25

B – 9000 Ghent


tel. +32 9 264 31 11

VAT BE 248.015.142


Indian Wedding Dress, Couture Wedding Dresses

Indian Wedding Dress

A bride is center of attraction of all in the wedding ceremony, Her attractive looks, her Indian Wedding Dress, beauty of dreams in her eyes, her blushing warm smile, and very special among those, her wedding dress or saree, Indian brides flatter their self with bridal wedding sarees or wedding lehengas.

The Garchola are traditional Hindu and Jain bridal wedding sarees

Considering the color of the Indian Wedding Dress, it is usually in shades of red like pink, maroon, magenta, rani, peach, orange etc. This is because, red color is considered auspicious in India. Unlike the weddings abroad, black and white are the forbidden colors. Moreover, while buying Indian Wedding Dress, you should keep in mind the season, you are getting married in.

In an Indian wedding quite a number of brides prefer Indian Wedding Dress. Thus, to make each bride look uniquely different and pretty, there is a huge variety of Indian Bridal Wear sarees available. You can choose your sari considering factors like fabric, contemporary look, traditional, type of work, season, type (south Indian), color and price. On the basis of fabric you can go for materials like silk, crepe, faux, georgette, satin, net, cotton and many more.

In case of silk saris you can further choose from Mysore silk, Kanjivaram, Tussar silk, Banarasi silk, pure silk, etc. Based on the looks, the saris can be divided into three categories, contemporary, traditional and designer. Coming to work, Indian Wedding Dress saris are heavily embellished with embroidery like zari work, cut work, mirror work, organza, sequins, zardosi, pearls, kasab and kundan. This not enhances the sari but also adds sparkle to the beauty of the wearer.

Challis Fabric Overview, Properties and Uses

Challis Fabric

Challis Fabric is a soft and lightweight plain weave fabric commonly made from wool and sometimes from cotton or rayon. Challis Fabric has a slightly brushed surface with silky down finish and good drape ability. The true color of challis is brownish, but it is usually dyed or printed with floral or geometric patterns. Challis Cloth is a dressy fabric and is often washable.

Challis Fabric is obtained from hair fiber of Kashmir goat found in India, Tibet, Iran, Iraq, and South west China. The Challis fabric is knitted using single worsted spun yarns in warp and weft. The word Challis is derived from Anglo-Indian word Shalee, which mean soft. It is originated in Norwich, England in the year 1832.

Challis Fabric is a lightweight, plain weave, soft to the touch, semi-fluid hand and often printed. It is usually made from rayon or wool. Rayon challis has been used in creating faux chenille fabrics by layering several different prints on top of each other, stitching lines on the bias about 1″ apart, and then slitting the top layers between the stitching leaving the bottom layer in tact. When the new sliced fabric is washed, it fluffs the raw edges, similar to a rag quilt, but more elegant.

Challis Fabric Properties

  • is soft and silky.
  • is lightweight.
  • drapes well.
  • is dressy.
  • is often washable

Challis Fabric Uses

Challis fabric is widely used as printed dresses and skirts. It is also used as women’s and children’s dresses and blouses, kimonos, neckties, sweaters, pajamas, blouses and sportswear. In slacks or shorts, it has to be lined.

Organic Cotton Clothing, Organic Farming

Organic Cotton

Organic Cotton is generally understood as cotton, from non genetically modified plants, that is to be grown without the use of any synthetic agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers or pesticides. Organic cotton production also promotes and enhances biodiversity and biological cycles include organic farming.  In the United States cotton plantations must also meet the requirements enforced by the National Organic Program (NOP), from the USDA, in order to be considered organic. This institution determines the allowed practices for pest control, growing, fertilizing, and handling of organic farming. As of 2007, 265,517 bales of organic cotton were produced in 24 countries and worldwide production was growing at a rate of more than 50% per year.

Organic Cotton Clothing are made without the aggressive chemicals that stiffen and starch conventional cotton products, organic cotton is the way nature intended – smooth, pliant and non-allergenic.

Supporting farms and companies who produce organic cotton clothing or bamboo clothing can help reduce the Health concerns represent a potential source of benefits and demand for organic cotton clothing. Organic cotton clothing is manufactured to last damage on farms and on workers. Enduring the normal life cycle and finally reaching a bio-degradable end naturally without creating any disturbance to the earth

Organic Cotton Clothing contributes to the environment in three ways.

Organic Cotton Clothing is encouraging the growth of organic cotton which helps to keep the land free of harmful chemicals and fertilizers.

Organic Cotton Clothing are indirectly helping the farmers in higher realizations of money and keeping them healthy and debt free.

Purchasing an organic Cotton clothing is more of an emotional or philosophical decision, unlike the purchase of organic food which has obvious health benefits. But the indications are that consumers in the USA, Western Europe and parts of Asia are taking these decisions in larger numbers than ever before.

Organic cotton clothing has been produced without the use of synthetic chemicals and none has been used in the processing of raw fibers to finished product.

Organic cotton Certification | Organic Certification Requirements

It is required by the law that any producer wanting to label and sell a product as organic must meet the standards established by the Organic cotton Production Act of 1990, enforced by The State organic program (SOP) to get organic certification. This act specifies the procedures and regulations for production and handling of organic farming.

Organic cotton System

Producers must elaborate and organic production or handling system plan which must also be approved by the state certifying agency or the USDA. This organic system must include careful explanation of every process held in the plantation, as well as the frequency with which they are performed. A list of substances used on the crops is also necessary, along with a description of their composition, place where they will be used, and if possible documentation of commercial availability. This inventory of substances is important for the regulation of allowed and prohibited material established by the SOP.Organic farming must also provide a description of the control procedures and physical barriers established to prevent contact of organic and non organic crops on split operations and to avoid contact of organic cotton production with prohibited substance during gestation, harvesting, and handling operations .This organic system plan can also be transferred to other states as long as it has already been approved by a certifying agency.

Organic cotton Pesticides

Since organic cotton is grown without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, it should contain fewer pesticides than conventional cotton. Pesticides used in the production of conventional cotton include orthophosphates such as phorate and methamidophos, endosulfan (highly toxic to farmers, but not very environmentally persistent) and aldicarb. Other pesticides persisting in cotton fields in the United States include Trifluralin, Toxaphene and DDT . Although the last two chemicals are no longer used in the United States their long breakdown period and difficulty in removal ensures their persistence. Thus even organic cotton fields may contain them since conventional cotton fields can be transitioned to organic fields in 2-3 years.

Production of Organic Cotton

Organic cotton is currently being grown successfully in many countries; the largest producers (as of 2007) are Turkey, India and China.

Organic cotton production in Africa takes place in at least 8 countries. The earliest producer (1990) was the SEKEM organization in Egypt; the farmers involved later convinced the Egyptian government to convert 400,000 hectares of conventional cotton production to integrated methods,achieving a 90% reduction in the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers in Egypt and a 30% increase in yields.

Eat Clean Diet, Eat Clean Diet Review, Eat Clean Diet Menu, Eat Clean Diet Recipes, Eat Clean Diet Meal Plan

Eat Clean Diet

The Eat Clean Diet was developed by Tosca Reno.Eating clean basically means that foods are selected from those in their natural state; unprocessed and whole. For example tomatoes are a clean food whereas ketchup is not. Homemade tomato sauce may be considered a clean food if it is prepared from scratch with all clean ingredients.

This is not necessarily a low calorie approach to dieting with a greater emphasis being placed on the quality of the foods selected, although Tosca does provide some suggestions to help with calorie control.

Eat Clean Diet Review

Reno stresses the importance of eating a healthy breakfast every day and never skipping meals. She also encourages dieters to prepare for meals that must be eaten away from home by packing nutritious foods that travel well and by planning in advance.

She recommends six small meals every day that are to be composed entirely of clean foods. Each meal should contain around 300-400 calories and must contain protein as well as complex carbohydrates.

Cheat meals are allowed only once a week. This means that this is a very strict plan that will require a great deal of discipline in addition to implementing a dramatic overhaul of diet and lifestyle for most people.

Eat Clean Diet Menu | Eat Clean Diet Recipes

* A wide range of fresh fruits and vegetables form the foundation of the diet.
* Complex carbohydrates include legumes as well as whole grains such as brown rice and oats.
* Lean proteins such as chicken breast, turkey and fish.
* Sources of healthy fats include olive oil, avocado and raw nuts.
* Foods to avoid include all processed foods, refined grains, sugar, foods containing saturated and trans fats and alcohol. eat clean diet, eat clean diet review,

Eat Clean Diet Meal Plan


Oatmeal pancakes with fresh strawberries

Morning Snack

Apple with raw nuts and dried fruit


Mediterranean style French lentil salad

Afternoon Snack

Smoothie with fresh fruit and yogurt


Roasted chicken breast with red potatoes and asparagus


Apple cranberry crumble

Whipped Foundation Overview and Information

Whipped Foundation

Whipped foundation is easier to apply in thin layers than liquid foundation, so you have more control. Mousse makeup is liquid makeup with air whipped in, making it lighter and smoother. It comes in a spray or aerosol-type can, like whipped cream. Whipped Foundation costs more than other cosmetics because you’re paying for the added air and specialized packaging, but if you’ve ever spread whipped butter on a hot piece of toast, you know the difference is vast. It is good for all skin types, but it’s especially nice for those with dry or aging skin because of its tendency to go on smoothly instead of caking up in facial lines.

Generally people that have used whipped foundations tend to have more skin problems that when using paste or liquid. One of the things that women have complained about when using a whipped foundation are outbreaks on the skin.

Foundations that are whipped are harder to remove as well. It takes more time and energy to remove the whipped foundation. Generally foundations that are made of liquid or paste come off easier. Also whipped foundation tends to not blend in with the skin as well if you have oily skin.

Balsamic, Bee Pollen, Bioflavonoids, Black Cohosh, Bladderwrack


a healing or soothing herb or agent.

Bee Pollen

helps counteract effects of aging; raises mental and physical capabilities; assists in balancing endocrine system; helps chronic colitis and constipation/diarrhea.


improves immunity; reduces inflammation; fights free radicals through antioxidant properties; cancer preventative; reduces heart disease risks; aids with menopause ailments and menstruation.

Black Cohosh

aids with PMS and menopause symptoms like hot flashes and vaginal dryness; evens out hormone levels; allievates uterine cramps; may help prevent breast cancer; helps with insomnia.


contains natural iodine to promote a healthy thyroid; encourages good circulation and eases obesity; gently stimulates the metabolism.


Stimulates gastric function: hops, mugwort, dandelion.

Black Obsidian Stone Healing Properties, Obsidian Rock

Black Obsidian

Black Obsidian is considered extremely protective and said to allow no negative energy or negative spirit to enter in the body. In the middle ages it was thought to drive out demons. It provides protection from negative spirits as well. It can be polished to a shiny mirror surface. Because of this shiny, mirror surface, Obsidian is attributed with the ability to reflect back true selves to the people. Because of this property, obsidian is said to remove emotional blocks. This is usually said to be a vision stone for use in vision quests and prophetic dreaming.

Black Obsidian provides protection and grounding from negative self-image, especially with respect to our physical appearance. It is especially helpful in times of grief. Black Obsidian was also given as a remedy for snake poison. It is very much useful to combat grief and depression. One can us obsidian if unable to use aquamarine. This is a very strong stone. It should be used sparingly.

It is a very protective stone. It is said to form a shield against negativity and to absorb negative energies from the environment. Because of this it should be cleansed regularly in running water.

Padparadscha Sapphire Gemstones, Padparadscha Sapphires

Padparadscha Sapphire

Padparadscha Sapphire is a special variety of gem corundum, featuring a delicate color that is a mixture of pink and orange.

Padparadscha is derived from the Sanskrit/Singhalese padmaraga, a color akin to the lotus flower (Nelumbo Nucifera ‘Speciosa’). Most lotus blossoms are far more pink than orange, and in ancient times, padmaraga was described as a subvariety of ruby. Today, some define the gem’s color as a blend of lotus and sunset.

Unlike other rubies and sapphires, the finest color of Padparadscha Sapphire is not directly a function of color intensity (saturation). The most valuable padparadschas display a delicate mixture of pink and orange.

padparadscha sapphire tend to be cleaner than ruby. Buyers should look for stones which are eye-clean, i.e., with no inclusions visible to the unaided eye. Because of the pastel shades of most padparadschas, any inclusions will be quite visible.

In the market, Padparadscha Sapphire are found in a variety of shapes and cutting styles. Due to the shape of the rough, stones are often cut with overly deep pavilions. Ovals and cushions are the most common, but rounds are also seen, as are other shapes, such as the emerald cut. Slight premiums are paid for round stones.

It is one of the world‘s most expensive gems, with prices similar to those fetched by fine ruby or emerald. Prices for padparadschas vary greatly according to size and quality. At the top end, they may reach as much as US$30,000 per carat.

Padparadscha Sapphire sizes tend to be similar to ruby. Probably the largest fine stone known is the 100.18-ct. oval in New York’s American Museum of Natural History. But any fine untreated padparadscha of quality above two carats is a rare stone. Fine untreated padparadschas above five carats can be considered world-class pieces.

Today, many padparadscha sapphire are heat-treated to improve their appearance. The resulting stones are completely stable in color.

Directorate of Textiles and Handlooms, Govt of Odisha

Directorate of Textiles and Handlooms, Govt of Odisha

The major activities of the department are broadly classified in to 4 categories such as

Promotion of Handloom sector.
Promotion of Sericulture sector.
Promotion of Spinning mill sector.
Promotion of Power loom sector


. Mahatma Gandhi Bunakar Bima Yojana

. Promotion of Handloom Inductries (Existing Scheme)

. Scheme for Reimbursement of One Time Rebate at 10% given on Sale of Handloom Products by the Handloom
Agencies during 2006-07, 2007-08 & 2008-09

. Skill Up-gradation Training under Self-employment Programme in Handloom Sector

. Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme for Handloom Sector

Office And Their Locations

Minister, Textiles & Handloom , Orissa Bhubaneswar 0674-2405535
Secretary, Textiles & Handloom Bhubaneswar 0674-2536995
Joint Secretary, Textiles & Handloom Bhubaneswar 0674-2390284
Deputy Secretary, Textiles & Handloom Bhubaneswar 0674-2322783
Under Secretary, Textiles & Handloom Bhubaneswar 0674-2322784
AFA-cum-Under Secretary, Textiles & Handloom Bhubaneswar 0674-2322786
Director of Textiles & Handloom, Orissa Bhubaneswar 0674-2501383
Additional Director of Textiles, Hqrs Bhubaneswar 0674-2503891
Deputy Director of Textiles (H. Qtrs) Bhubaneswar 0674-2531071
Deputy Director of Textiles (H. Qtrs) Bhubaneswar 0674-2530801
Joint Director Sericulture (H. Qtrs) Bhubaneswar 0674-2530802
Deputy Director Sericulture (H. Qtrs) Bhubaneswar 0674-2575790
Joint Director Textiles, Central Division Bhubaneswar 0674-2515236


Directorate of Textiles and Handlooms,
Satya Nagar, Bhubaneswar,
Phone / Fax -: 91-0674-2501383

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