The Loose strand, roughly parallel, untwisted fiber sheet produced
in blow room.
It is a system of feeding small tufts of fibers directly from blow
room to a series of cards, arranged in a circuit through pneumatic pipe.
The strand of loose, roughly parallel, untwisted fibers produced in Carding.
The soft strand of carded/combed fibres that has been twisted, attenuated,
and freed of foreign matter, which is a feed material to spinning.
The process of making yarns from the textile fiber is called spinning.
Spinning is the twisting together of drawn out strands of fibers to form yarn
Yarn count is the numerical expression of yarn, which defines its fineness or
coarseness. (Linear density).
Indirect system: English count (Ne), Worsted Count etc.
i.e. Higher the yarn number, finer the yarn.
Direct System: Tex, Denier
i.e. Higher the yarn number , Coarser the yarn.
Similarly numerical expression of fineness or coarseness of Lap, sliver & roving are
Note: English (Ne) count system is commonly followed in India.
English Count: No. of Hanks of length 840 yds weighing in 1 pound
1lbs: 0.453 Kgs.
e.g. 40s Ne = 40 hanks of 840 yds weighs 1 lbs.
20s Ne = 20 hanks of 840 yds weighs 1 lbs.
carded hunks of fiber as it comes off of a drum carder bench – also called the table. The table of the spinning wheel on which the wheel and spinning mechanism are mounted bobbin – the shaft of the spool onto which the spun yarn is wound on a spinning wheel
(or cards) a pair of brushes used to smooth and straighten fibers for spinning
used to process long stapled wool for worsted spinning
a staff that holds the flax or wool fibers which are drawn from as the spinner needs them when spinning. A distaff can be attached to a belt, mounted on the bench of a spinning wheel, or free-standing.
the pulling out of fibers to allow only a certain amount of the fiber to twist into thread
the space between the spun yarn and the fibers being drawn out
the cord carrying the power from the large wheel to the spindle or bobbin/pulley
(handspindle) a stick with a weighted whorl that is used to twist fibers into thread
the u-shaped device on a treadle spinning wheel that twists the yarn
the straight piece of wood or wire that connects the treadle to the axle/crank of a spinning wheel
a 560-yard long skein of wool, usually wound on a niddy-noddy or reel
a 40-yard strand skein of yarn wound on a reel or a niddy-noddy that measures 2 yards in circumference = 80 yards
(or sisters) two upright pieces of wood that hold the spinning apparatus in a horizontal position
double-headed tool used in skeining spun yarn
short fibers removed when combing the fleece; can be mixed with other wool and carded and spun
the opening or eye of the spindle on a treadle spinning wheel
thinner strips of roving roughly the diameter of a pencil
finger sized roll of carded wool, ready for spinning to make woolen yarn
long tubes of carded wool, produced by carding machines
yarn spun with a counterclockwise twist
winding yarn off the spindle
strips of batts in one continuous strip
the flaw or fat place in the yarn (sometimes intentionally spun in for novelty yarns) Note: the length of a slub cannot be longer than the staple of a fiber
the small grooved whorl that carries the drive band connecting the spindle to the drive wheel
a bundle of flax prepared for spinning after the tow has been removed (long fibers only)
long fibers straightened by combing
the short fibers left after flax is combed out
the weighted part of a dropspindle that helps it to spin. Also the spindle pulley that regulates the speed of a spinning wheel spindle
made from long-stapled wool where the fibers are combed lengthwise and spun from cut end to tip in apparel-type fashion; has a firm finish and does not usually felt (i.e. most tweeds, suit or jacket material)
yarn spun with a clockwise spin with Z twist
Posted in: Textile Spinning