Rapier loom Weaving is offered by many looms manufacturers and consequently is in widespread use in the worsted and woolen industry. In this type of weaving a flexible or rigid solid element called rapier, is used to insert the filling yarn and carries it through the shed. After reaching the destination, the rapier head returns empty to pick up the next filling yarn, which completes a cycle.a rapier performs a reciprocating motion.
Single Rapier loom
A single, rigid rapier is used in Single Rapier loom. The rigid rapier is a metal or composite bar usually with a circular cross section. The rapier enters the shed from one side and passes it across the weaving machine while retracting. Therefore a single rapier carries the yarn in one way only and half of the rapier movement is wasted. Also there is no yarn transfer since there is only one rapier. The single rapiers length is equal to the width of the weaving machine, this requires relatively high mass and rigidity of the rapier head. For these reasons, single rapier machines are not popular. However since there is no yarn transfer to rapier to rapier, they are suitable for filling yarns that are difficult control.
Double Rapier loom
Two rapiers are used in Double Rapier loom. one rapier called the giver takes the filling yarn from the accumulator on one side of the weaving machine, brings it to the center of the machine and transfers it to the second rapier which is called taker. The taker retracts and brings the filling yarn to the other side.similar to the single rapier machines, only half of the rapier movements is used for filling insertion.
Rapier loom is known for their reliability and performance. Since 1972,the rapier weaving machine has evolved into successful ,versatile and flexible weaving machine.
A very wide range of fabrics with 20 g/m2 to heavy fabrics with around 850 gm2 rapier loom are widely used for household textiles and industrial fabrics. Designed for universal use,the rapier looms can weave not only the classic wool, cotton and man made fibers, but also the most technically demanding filament yarns, finest silk and fancy yarns.